Art museum of math formulas for pi

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Art museum of math formulas for pi


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  • Beautiful Formulas for pi=3.14…Beautiful Formulas for pi=3.14… The number $\pi$ is defined a s the ratio of a circle's circumference $C$ to its diameter $d$: \[\pi=\frac{C}{d}.\] $\pi$ in decimal starts with 3.14... and never end. I will show you several beautiful formulas for $\pi$.   Art Museum of formulas for $\pi$ […]
  • Find a General Formula of a Linear Transformation From $\R^2$ to $\R^3$Find a General Formula of a Linear Transformation From $\R^2$ to $\R^3$ Suppose that $T: \R^2 \to \R^3$ is a linear transformation satisfying \[T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}\,\right)=\begin{bmatrix} 3 \\ 4 \\ 5 \end{bmatrix} \text{ and } T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix} […]
  • The Sum of Cosine Squared in an Inner Product SpaceThe Sum of Cosine Squared in an Inner Product Space Let $\mathbf{v}$ be a vector in an inner product space $V$ over $\R$. Suppose that $\{\mathbf{u}_1, \dots, \mathbf{u}_n\}$ is an orthonormal basis of $V$. Let $\theta_i$ be the angle between $\mathbf{v}$ and $\mathbf{u}_i$ for $i=1,\dots, n$. Prove that \[\cos […]
  • The Existence of an Element in an Abelian Group of Order the Least Common Multiple of Two ElementsThe Existence of an Element in an Abelian Group of Order the Least Common Multiple of Two Elements Let $G$ be an abelian group. Let $a$ and $b$ be elements in $G$ of order $m$ and $n$, respectively. Prove that there exists an element $c$ in $G$ such that the order of $c$ is the least common multiple of $m$ and $n$. Also determine whether the statement is true if $G$ is a […]
  • The Cyclotomic Field of 8-th Roots of Unity is $\Q(\zeta_8)=\Q(i, \sqrt{2})$The Cyclotomic Field of 8-th Roots of Unity is $\Q(\zeta_8)=\Q(i, \sqrt{2})$ Let $\zeta_8$ be a primitive $8$-th root of unity. Prove that the cyclotomic field $\Q(\zeta_8)$ of the $8$-th root of unity is the field $\Q(i, \sqrt{2})$.   Proof. Recall that the extension degree of the cyclotomic field of $n$-th roots of unity is given by […]
  • A Group Homomorphism that Factors though Another GroupA Group Homomorphism that Factors though Another Group Let $G, H, K$ be groups. Let $f:G\to K$ be a group homomorphism and let $\pi:G\to H$ be a surjective group homomorphism such that the kernel of $\pi$ is included in the kernel of $f$: $\ker(\pi) \subset \ker(f)$. Define a map $\tilde{f}:H\to K$ as follows. For each $h\in H$, […]
  • Determinant of a General Circulant MatrixDeterminant of a General Circulant Matrix Let \[A=\begin{bmatrix} a_0 & a_1 & \dots & a_{n-2} &a_{n-1} \\ a_{n-1} & a_0 & \dots & a_{n-3} & a_{n-2} \\ a_{n-2} & a_{n-1} & \dots & a_{n-4} & a_{n-3} \\ \vdots & \vdots & \dots & \vdots & \vdots \\ a_{2} & a_3 & \dots & a_{0} & a_{1}\\ a_{1} & a_2 & […]
  • Rotation Matrix in Space and its Determinant and EigenvaluesRotation Matrix in Space and its Determinant and Eigenvalues For a real number $0\leq \theta \leq \pi$, we define the real $3\times 3$ matrix $A$ by \[A=\begin{bmatrix} \cos\theta & -\sin\theta & 0 \\ \sin\theta &\cos\theta &0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}.\] (a) Find the determinant of the matrix $A$. (b) Show that $A$ is an […]

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