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  • The Ideal Generated by a Non-Unit Irreducible Element in a PID is MaximalThe Ideal Generated by a Non-Unit Irreducible Element in a PID is Maximal Let $R$ be a principal ideal domain (PID). Let $a\in R$ be a non-unit irreducible element. Then show that the ideal $(a)$ generated by the element $a$ is a maximal ideal.   Proof. Suppose that we have an ideal $I$ of $R$ such that \[(a) \subset I \subset […]
  • Group of Order $pq$ is Either Abelian or the Center is TrivialGroup of Order $pq$ is Either Abelian or the Center is Trivial Let $G$ be a group of order $|G|=pq$, where $p$ and $q$ are (not necessarily distinct) prime numbers. Then show that $G$ is either abelian group or the center $Z(G)=1$. Hint. Use the result of the problem "If the Quotient by the Center is Cyclic, then the Group is […]
  • Vector Space of Polynomials and a Basis of  Its SubspaceVector Space of Polynomials and a Basis of Its Subspace Let $P_2$ be the vector space of all polynomials of degree two or less. Consider the subset in $P_2$ \[Q=\{ p_1(x), p_2(x), p_3(x), p_4(x)\},\] where \begin{align*} &p_1(x)=1, &p_2(x)=x^2+x+1, \\ &p_3(x)=2x^2, &p_4(x)=x^2-x+1. \end{align*} (a) Use the basis $B=\{1, x, […]
  • Quiz 1. Gauss-Jordan Elimination / Homogeneous System. Math 2568 Spring 2017.Quiz 1. Gauss-Jordan Elimination / Homogeneous System. Math 2568 Spring 2017. (a) Solve the following system by transforming the augmented matrix to reduced echelon form (Gauss-Jordan elimination). Indicate the elementary row operations you performed. […]
  • Elements of Finite Order of an Abelian Group form a SubgroupElements of Finite Order of an Abelian Group form a Subgroup Let $G$ be an abelian group and let $H$ be the subset of $G$ consisting of all elements of $G$ of finite order. That is, \[H=\{ a\in G \mid \text{the order of $a$ is finite}\}.\] Prove that $H$ is a subgroup of $G$.   Proof. Note that the identity element $e$ of […]
  • The Center of a p-Group is Not TrivialThe Center of a p-Group is Not Trivial Let $G$ be a group of order $|G|=p^n$ for some $n \in \N$. (Such a group is called a $p$-group.) Show that the center $Z(G)$ of the group $G$ is not trivial. Hint. Use the class equation. Proof. If $G=Z(G)$, then the statement is true. So suppose that $G\neq […]
  • Find Values of $a$ so that Augmented Matrix Represents a Consistent SystemFind Values of $a$ so that Augmented Matrix Represents a Consistent System Suppose that the following matrix $A$ is the augmented matrix for a system of linear equations. \[A= \left[\begin{array}{rrr|r} 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 \\ 2 &-1 & -2 & a^2 \\ -1 & -7 & -11 & a \end{array} \right],\] where $a$ is a real number. Determine all the […]
  • The Range and Null Space of the Zero Transformation of Vector SpacesThe Range and Null Space of the Zero Transformation of Vector Spaces Let $U$ and $V$ be vector spaces over a scalar field $\F$. Define the map $T:U\to V$ by $T(\mathbf{u})=\mathbf{0}_V$ for each vector $\mathbf{u}\in U$. (a) Prove that $T:U\to V$ is a linear transformation. (Hence, $T$ is called the zero transformation.) (b) Determine […]

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