# Galois-theory-eye-catch

by Yu · Published · Updated

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- Every $n$-Dimensional Vector Space is Isomorphic to the Vector Space $\R^n$ Let $V$ be a vector space over the field of real numbers $\R$. Prove that if the dimension of $V$ is $n$, then $V$ is isomorphic to $\R^n$. Proof. Since $V$ is an $n$-dimensional vector space, it has a basis \[B=\{\mathbf{v}_1, \dots, […]
- Linear Combination of Eigenvectors is Not an Eigenvector Suppose that $\lambda$ and $\mu$ are two distinct eigenvalues of a square matrix $A$ and let $\mathbf{x}$ and $\mathbf{y}$ be eigenvectors corresponding to $\lambda$ and $\mu$, respectively. If $a$ and $b$ are nonzero numbers, then prove that $a \mathbf{x}+b\mathbf{y}$ is not an […]
- Find the Nullity of the Matrix $A+I$ if Eigenvalues are $1, 2, 3, 4, 5$ Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ matrix. Its only eigenvalues are $1, 2, 3, 4, 5$, possibly with multiplicities. What is the nullity of the matrix $A+I_n$, where $I_n$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix? (The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Final Exam […]
- A Linear Transformation is Injective (One-To-One) if and only if the Nullity is Zero Let $U$ and $V$ be vector spaces over a scalar field $\F$. Let $T: U \to V$ be a linear transformation. Prove that $T$ is injective (one-to-one) if and only if the nullity of $T$ is zero. Definition (Injective, One-to-One Linear Transformation). A linear […]
- A One Side Inverse Matrix is the Inverse Matrix: If $AB=I$, then $BA=I$ An $n\times n$ matrix $A$ is said to be invertible if there exists an $n\times n$ matrix $B$ such that $AB=I$, and $BA=I$, where $I$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix. If such a matrix $B$ exists, then it is known to be unique and called the inverse matrix of $A$, denoted […]
- A Group Homomorphism that Factors though Another Group Let $G, H, K$ be groups. Let $f:G\to K$ be a group homomorphism and let $\pi:G\to H$ be a surjective group homomorphism such that the kernel of $\pi$ is included in the kernel of $f$: $\ker(\pi) \subset \ker(f)$. Define a map $\tilde{f}:H\to K$ as follows. For each $h\in H$, […]
- Find a Matrix so that a Given Subset is the Null Space of the Matrix, hence it’s a Subspace Let $W$ be the subset of $\R^3$ defined by \[W=\left \{ \mathbf{x}=\begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \\ x_3 \end{bmatrix}\in \R^3 \quad \middle| \quad 5x_1-2x_2+x_3=0 \right \}.\] Exhibit a $1\times 3$ matrix $A$ such that $W=\calN(A)$, the null space of $A$. […]
- If a Matrix is the Product of Two Matrices, is it Invertible? (a) Let $A$ be a $6\times 6$ matrix and suppose that $A$ can be written as \[A=BC,\] where $B$ is a $6\times 5$ matrix and $C$ is a $5\times 6$ matrix. Prove that the matrix $A$ cannot be invertible. (b) Let $A$ be a $2\times 2$ matrix and suppose that $A$ can be […]