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  • Linear Transformation $T(X)=AX-XA$ and Determinant of Matrix RepresentationLinear Transformation $T(X)=AX-XA$ and Determinant of Matrix Representation Let $V$ be the vector space of all $n\times n$ real matrices. Let us fix a matrix $A\in V$. Define a map $T: V\to V$ by \[ T(X)=AX-XA\] for each $X\in V$. (a) Prove that $T:V\to V$ is a linear transformation. (b) Let $B$ be a basis of $V$. Let $P$ be the matrix […]
  • Symmetric Matrix and Its Eigenvalues, Eigenspaces, and EigenspacesSymmetric Matrix and Its Eigenvalues, Eigenspaces, and Eigenspaces Let $A$ be a $4\times 4$ real symmetric matrix. Suppose that $\mathbf{v}_1=\begin{bmatrix} -1 \\ 2 \\ 0 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix}$ is an eigenvector corresponding to the eigenvalue $1$ of $A$. Suppose that the eigenspace for the eigenvalue $2$ is $3$-dimensional. (a) Find an […]
  • Hyperplane in $n$-Dimensional Space Through Origin is a SubspaceHyperplane in $n$-Dimensional Space Through Origin is a Subspace A hyperplane in $n$-dimensional vector space $\R^n$ is defined to be the set of vectors \[\begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \\ \vdots \\ x_n \end{bmatrix}\in \R^n\] satisfying the linear equation of the form \[a_1x_1+a_2x_2+\cdots+a_nx_n=b,\] […]
  • Questions About the Trace of a MatrixQuestions About the Trace of a Matrix Let $A=(a_{i j})$ and $B=(b_{i j})$ be $n\times n$ real matrices for some $n \in \N$. Then answer the following questions about the trace of a matrix. (a) Express $\tr(AB^{\trans})$ in terms of the entries of the matrices $A$ and $B$. Here $B^{\trans}$ is the transpose matrix of […]
  • Prove that the Length $\|A^n\mathbf{v}\|$ is As Small As We Like.Prove that the Length $\|A^n\mathbf{v}\|$ is As Small As We Like. Consider the matrix \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 3/2 & 2\\ -1& -3/2 \end{bmatrix} \in M_{2\times 2}(\R).\] (a) Find the eigenvalues and corresponding eigenvectors of $A$. (b) Show that for $\mathbf{v}=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}\in \R^2$, we can choose […]
  • Solve the System of Linear Equations and Give the Vector Form for the General SolutionSolve the System of Linear Equations and Give the Vector Form for the General Solution Solve the following system of linear equations and give the vector form for the general solution. \begin{align*} x_1 -x_3 -2x_5&=1 \\ x_2+3x_3-x_5 &=2 \\ 2x_1 -2x_3 +x_4 -3x_5 &= 0 \end{align*} (The Ohio State University, linear algebra midterm exam […]
  • Find the Rank of the Matrix $A+I$ if Eigenvalues of $A$ are $1, 2, 3, 4, 5$Find the Rank of the Matrix $A+I$ if Eigenvalues of $A$ are $1, 2, 3, 4, 5$ Let $A$ be an $n$ by $n$ matrix with entries in complex numbers $\C$. Its only eigenvalues are $1,2,3,4,5$, possibly with multiplicities. What is the rank of the matrix $A+I_n$, where $I_n$ is the identity $n$ by $n$ matrix. (UCB-University of California, Berkeley, […]
  • Common Eigenvector of Two Matrices and Determinant of CommutatorCommon Eigenvector of Two Matrices and Determinant of Commutator Let $A$ and $B$ be $n\times n$ matrices. Suppose that these matrices have a common eigenvector $\mathbf{x}$. Show that $\det(AB-BA)=0$. Steps. Write down eigenequations of $A$ and $B$ with the eigenvector $\mathbf{x}$. Show that AB-BA is singular. A matrix is […]

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