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Introduction to Linear Algebra at the Ohio State University quiz problems and solutions


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  • Basis of Span in Vector Space of Polynomials of Degree 2 or LessBasis of Span in Vector Space of Polynomials of Degree 2 or Less Let $P_2$ be the vector space of all polynomials of degree $2$ or less with real coefficients. Let \[S=\{1+x+2x^2, \quad x+2x^2, \quad -1, \quad x^2\}\] be the set of four vectors in $P_2$. Then find a basis of the subspace $\Span(S)$ among the vectors in $S$. (Linear […]
  • A ring is Local if and only if the set of Non-Units is an IdealA ring is Local if and only if the set of Non-Units is an Ideal A ring is called local if it has a unique maximal ideal. (a) Prove that a ring $R$ with $1$ is local if and only if the set of non-unit elements of $R$ is an ideal of $R$. (b) Let $R$ be a ring with $1$ and suppose that $M$ is a maximal ideal of $R$. Prove that if every […]
  • Determine Null Spaces of Two MatricesDetermine Null Spaces of Two Matrices Let \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 & 2 \\ 2 &3 &2 \\ -1 & -3 & -4 \end{bmatrix} \text{ and } B=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 & 2 \\ 2 &3 &2 \\ 5 & 3 & 3 \end{bmatrix}.\] Determine the null spaces of matrices $A$ and $B$.   Proof. The null space of the […]
  • Matrix $XY-YX$ Never Be the Identity MatrixMatrix $XY-YX$ Never Be the Identity Matrix Let $I$ be the $n\times n$ identity matrix, where $n$ is a positive integer. Prove that there are no $n\times n$ matrices $X$ and $Y$ such that \[XY-YX=I.\]   Hint. Suppose that such matrices exist and consider the trace of the matrix $XY-YX$. Recall that the trace of […]
  • A Positive Definite Matrix Has a Unique Positive Definite Square RootA Positive Definite Matrix Has a Unique Positive Definite Square Root Prove that a positive definite matrix has a unique positive definite square root.   In this post, we review several definitions (a square root of a matrix, a positive definite matrix) and solve the above problem. After the proof, several extra problems about square […]
  • Exponential Functions are Linearly IndependentExponential Functions are Linearly Independent Let $c_1, c_2,\dots, c_n$ be mutually distinct real numbers. Show that exponential functions \[e^{c_1x}, e^{c_2x}, \dots, e^{c_nx}\] are linearly independent over $\R$. Hint. Consider a linear combination \[a_1 e^{c_1 x}+a_2 e^{c_2x}+\cdots + a_ne^{c_nx}=0.\] […]
  • Find the Inverse Matrix of a Matrix With FractionsFind the Inverse Matrix of a Matrix With Fractions Find the inverse matrix of the matrix \[A=\begin{bmatrix} \frac{2}{7} & \frac{3}{7} & \frac{6}{7} \\[6 pt] \frac{6}{7} &\frac{2}{7} &-\frac{3}{7} \\[6pt] -\frac{3}{7} & \frac{6}{7} & -\frac{2}{7} \end{bmatrix}.\]   Hint. You may use the augmented matrix […]
  • If a Matrix is the Product of Two Matrices, is it Invertible?If a Matrix is the Product of Two Matrices, is it Invertible? (a) Let $A$ be a $6\times 6$ matrix and suppose that $A$ can be written as \[A=BC,\] where $B$ is a $6\times 5$ matrix and $C$ is a $5\times 6$ matrix. Prove that the matrix $A$ cannot be invertible. (b) Let $A$ be a $2\times 2$ matrix and suppose that $A$ can be […]

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