Tagged: Gauss-Jordan elimination

Express a Vector as a Linear Combination of Given Three Vectors

Problem 298

Let
\[\mathbf{v}_1=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
5 \\
-1
\end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{v}_2=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
4 \\
3
\end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{v}_3=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
2 \\
1
\end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{b}=\begin{bmatrix}
2 \\
13 \\
6
\end{bmatrix}.\] Express the vector $\mathbf{b}$ as a linear combination of the vector $\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2, \mathbf{v}_3$.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Midterm Exam Problem)
 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

Solve the System of Linear Equations and Give the Vector Form for the General Solution

Problem 296

Solve the following system of linear equations and give the vector form for the general solution.
\begin{align*}
x_1 -x_3 -2x_5&=1 \\
x_2+3x_3-x_5 &=2 \\
2x_1 -2x_3 +x_4 -3x_5 &= 0
\end{align*}

(The Ohio State University, linear algebra midterm exam problem)
 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

Find a Nonsingular Matrix Satisfying Some Relation

Problem 280

Determine whether there exists a nonsingular matrix $A$ if
\[A^2=AB+2A,\] where $B$ is the following matrix.
If such a nonsingular matrix $A$ exists, find the inverse matrix $A^{-1}$.

(a) \[B=\begin{bmatrix}
-1 & 1 & -1 \\
0 &-1 &0 \\
1 & 2 & -2
\end{bmatrix}\]

(b) \[B=\begin{bmatrix}
-1 & 1 & -1 \\
0 &-1 &0 \\
2 & 1 & -4
\end{bmatrix}.\]

 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

Determine Linearly Independent or Linearly Dependent. Express as a Linear Combination

Problem 277

Determine whether the following set of vectors is linearly independent or linearly dependent. If the set is linearly dependent, express one vector in the set as a linear combination of the others.
\[\left\{\, \begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
0 \\
-1 \\
0
\end{bmatrix}, \begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
2 \\
3 \\
4
\end{bmatrix}, \begin{bmatrix}
-1 \\
-2 \\
0 \\
1
\end{bmatrix},
\begin{bmatrix}
-2 \\
-2 \\
7 \\
11
\end{bmatrix}\, \right\}.\]

 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

Vector Form for the General Solution of a System of Linear Equations

Problem 267

Solve the following system of linear equations by transforming its augmented matrix to reduced echelon form (Gauss-Jordan elimination).

Find the vector form for the general solution.
\begin{align*}
x_1-x_3-3x_5&=1\\
3x_1+x_2-x_3+x_4-9x_5&=3\\
x_1-x_3+x_4-2x_5&=1.
\end{align*}

 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

Quiz 1. Gauss-Jordan Elimination / Homogeneous System. Math 2568 Spring 2017.

Problem 262

(a) Solve the following system by transforming the augmented matrix to reduced echelon form (Gauss-Jordan elimination). Indicate the elementary row operations you performed.
\begin{align*}
x_1+x_2-x_5&=1\\
x_2+2x_3+x_4+3x_5&=1\\
x_1-x_3+x_4+x_5&=0
\end{align*}

(b) Determine all possibilities for the solution set of a homogeneous system of $2$ equations in $2$ unknowns that has a solution $x_1=1, x_2=5$.

 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

Given All Eigenvalues and Eigenspaces, Compute a Matrix Product

Problem 189

Let $C$ be a $4 \times 4$ matrix with all eigenvalues $\lambda=2, -1$ and eigensapces
\[E_2=\Span\left \{\quad \begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
1 \\
1 \\
1
\end{bmatrix} \quad\right \} \text{ and } E_{-1}=\Span\left \{ \quad\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
2 \\
1 \\
1
\end{bmatrix},\quad \begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
1 \\
1 \\
2
\end{bmatrix} \quad\right\}.\]

Calculate $C^4 \mathbf{u}$ for $\mathbf{u}=\begin{bmatrix}
6 \\
8 \\
6 \\
9
\end{bmatrix}$ if possible. Explain why if it is not possible!

(The Ohio State University Linear Algebra Exam Problem)
 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

A Matrix Representation of a Linear Transformation and Related Subspaces

Problem 164

Let $T:\R^4 \to \R^3$ be a linear transformation defined by
\[ T\left (\, \begin{bmatrix}
x_1 \\
x_2 \\
x_3 \\
x_4
\end{bmatrix} \,\right) = \begin{bmatrix}
x_1+2x_2+3x_3-x_4 \\
3x_1+5x_2+8x_3-2x_4 \\
x_1+x_2+2x_3
\end{bmatrix}.\]

(a) Find a matrix $A$ such that $T(\mathbf{x})=A\mathbf{x}$.

(b) Find a basis for the null space of $T$.

(c) Find the rank of the linear transformation $T$.

(The Ohio State University Linear Algebra Exam Problem)
 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

Give a Formula for a Linear Transformation if the Values on Basis Vectors are Known

Problem 159

Let $T: \R^2 \to \R^2$ be a linear transformation.
Let
\[
\mathbf{u}=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
2
\end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{v}=\begin{bmatrix}
3 \\
5
\end{bmatrix}\] be 2-dimensional vectors.
Suppose that
\begin{align*}
T(\mathbf{u})&=T\left( \begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
2
\end{bmatrix} \right)=\begin{bmatrix}
-3 \\
5
\end{bmatrix},\\
T(\mathbf{v})&=T\left(\begin{bmatrix}
3 \\
5
\end{bmatrix}\right)=\begin{bmatrix}
7 \\
1
\end{bmatrix}.
\end{align*}
Let $\mathbf{w}=\begin{bmatrix}
x \\
y
\end{bmatrix}\in \R^2$.
Find the formula for $T(\mathbf{w})$ in terms of $x$ and $y$.

 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

Vector Space of Polynomials and Coordinate Vectors

Problem 157

Let $P_2$ be the vector space of all polynomials of degree two or less.
Consider the subset in $P_2$
\[Q=\{ p_1(x), p_2(x), p_3(x), p_4(x)\},\] where
\begin{align*}
&p_1(x)=x^2+2x+1, &p_2(x)=2x^2+3x+1, \\
&p_3(x)=2x^2, &p_4(x)=2x^2+x+1.
\end{align*}

(a) Use the basis $B=\{1, x, x^2\}$ of $P_2$, give the coordinate vectors of the vectors in $Q$.

(b) Find a basis of the span $\Span(Q)$ consisting of vectors in $Q$.

(c) For each vector in $Q$ which is not a basis vector you obtained in (b), express the vector as a linear combination of basis vectors.

 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

Range, Null Space, Rank, and Nullity of a Linear Transformation from $\R^2$ to $\R^3$

Problem 154

Define the map $T:\R^2 \to \R^3$ by $T \left ( \begin{bmatrix}
x_1 \\
x_2
\end{bmatrix}\right )=\begin{bmatrix}
x_1-x_2 \\
x_1+x_2 \\
x_2
\end{bmatrix}$.

(a) Show that $T$ is a linear transformation.

(b) Find a matrix $A$ such that $T(\mathbf{x})=A\mathbf{x}$ for each $\mathbf{x} \in \R^2$.

(c) Describe the null space (kernel) and the range of $T$ and give the rank and the nullity of $T$.

 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

Express a Vector as a Linear Combination of Other Vectors


Problem 115

Express the vector $\mathbf{b}=\begin{bmatrix}
2 \\
13 \\
6
\end{bmatrix}$ as a linear combination of the vectors
\[\mathbf{v}_1=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
5 \\
-1
\end{bmatrix},
\mathbf{v}_2=
\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
2 \\
1
\end{bmatrix},
\mathbf{v}_3=
\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
4 \\
3
\end{bmatrix}.\]

 
(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Exam)

 
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later

Find a Matrix that Maps Given Vectors to Given Vectors

Problem 44

Suppose that a real matrix $A$ maps each of the following vectors
\[\mathbf{x}_1=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
1 \\
1
\end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{x}_2=\begin{bmatrix}
0 \\
1 \\
1
\end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{x}_3=\begin{bmatrix}
0 \\
0 \\
1
\end{bmatrix} \] into the vectors
\[\mathbf{y}_1=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
2 \\
0
\end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{y}_2=\begin{bmatrix}
-1 \\
0 \\
3
\end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{y}_3=\begin{bmatrix}
3 \\
1 \\
1
\end{bmatrix},\] respectively.
That is, $A\mathbf{x}_i=\mathbf{y}_i$ for $i=1,2,3$.
Find the matrix $A$.

(Kyoto University Exam)
Read solution

LoadingAdd to solve later