Tagged: invertible matrix

10 True of False Problems about Nonsingular / Invertible Matrices

Problem 500

10 questions about nonsingular matrices, invertible matrices, and linearly independent vectors.

The quiz is designed to test your understanding of the basic properties of these topics.

You can take the quiz as many times as you like.

The solutions will be given after completing all the 10 problems.
Click the View question button to see the solutions.

 

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Eigenvalues of Similarity Transformations

Problem 452

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ complex matrix.
Let $S$ be an invertible matrix.

(a) If $SAS^{-1}=\lambda A$ for some complex number $\lambda$, then prove that either $\lambda^n=1$ or $A$ is a singular matrix.

(b) If $n$ is odd and $SAS^{-1}=-A$, then prove that $0$ is an eigenvalue of $A$.

(c) Suppose that all the eigenvalues of $A$ are integers and $A$ is invertible. If $n$ is odd and $SAS^{-1}=A^{-1}$, then prove that $1$ is an eigenvalue of $A$.

 

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True of False Problems on Determinants and Invertible Matrices

Problem 438

Determine whether each of the following statements is True or False.

(a) If $A$ and $B$ are $n \times n$ matrices, and $P$ is an invertible $n \times n$ matrix such that $A=PBP^{-1}$, then $\det(A)=\det(B)$.

(b) If the characteristic polynomial of an $n \times n$ matrix $A$ is
\[p(\lambda)=(\lambda-1)^n+2,\] then $A$ is invertible.

(c) If $A^2$ is an invertible $n\times n$ matrix, then $A^3$ is also invertible.

(d) If $A$ is a $3\times 3$ matrix such that $\det(A)=7$, then $\det(2A^{\trans}A^{-1})=2$.

(e) If $\mathbf{v}$ is an eigenvector of an $n \times n$ matrix $A$ with corresponding eigenvalue $\lambda_1$, and if $\mathbf{w}$ is an eigenvector of $A$ with corresponding eigenvalue $\lambda_2$, then $\mathbf{v}+\mathbf{w}$ is an eigenvector of $A$ with corresponding eigenvalue $\lambda_1+\lambda_2$.

(Stanford University, Linear Algebra Exam Problem)
 

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If a Matrix is the Product of Two Matrices, is it Invertible?

Problem 393

(a) Let $A$ be a $6\times 6$ matrix and suppose that $A$ can be written as
\[A=BC,\] where $B$ is a $6\times 5$ matrix and $C$ is a $5\times 6$ matrix.

Prove that the matrix $A$ cannot be invertible.


(b) Let $A$ be a $2\times 2$ matrix and suppose that $A$ can be written as
\[A=BC,\] where $B$ is a $ 2\times 3$ matrix and $C$ is a $3\times 2$ matrix.

Can the matrix $A$ be invertible?

 

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Find a General Formula of a Linear Transformation From $\R^2$ to $\R^3$

Problem 353

Suppose that $T: \R^2 \to \R^3$ is a linear transformation satisfying
\[T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
2
\end{bmatrix}\,\right)=\begin{bmatrix}
3 \\
4 \\
5
\end{bmatrix} \text{ and } T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix}
0 \\
1
\end{bmatrix} \,\right)=\begin{bmatrix}
0 \\
0 \\
1
\end{bmatrix}.\] Find a general formula for
\[T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix}
x_1 \\
x_2
\end{bmatrix} \,\right).\]

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Math 2568 Exam Problem)

 

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Give a Formula For a Linear Transformation From $\R^2$ to $\R^3$

Problem 339

Let $\{\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2\}$ be a basis of the vector space $\R^2$, where
\[\mathbf{v}_1=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
1
\end{bmatrix} \text{ and } \mathbf{v}_2=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
-1
\end{bmatrix}.\] The action of a linear transformation $T:\R^2\to \R^3$ on the basis $\{\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2\}$ is given by
\begin{align*}
T(\mathbf{v}_1)=\begin{bmatrix}
2 \\
4 \\
6
\end{bmatrix} \text{ and } T(\mathbf{v}_2)=\begin{bmatrix}
0 \\
8 \\
10
\end{bmatrix}.
\end{align*}

Find the formula of $T(\mathbf{x})$, where
\[\mathbf{x}=\begin{bmatrix}
x \\
y
\end{bmatrix}\in \R^2.\]

 

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Problems and Solutions About Similar Matrices

Problem 319

Let $A, B$, and $C$ be $n \times n$ matrices and $I$ be the $n\times n$ identity matrix.
Prove the following statements.

(a) If $A$ is similar to $B$, then $B$ is similar to $A$.

(b) $A$ is similar to itself.

(c) If $A$ is similar to $B$ and $B$ is similar to $C$, then $A$ is similar to $C$.

(d) If $A$ is similar to the identity matrix $I$, then $A=I$.

(e) If $A$ or $B$ is nonsingular, then $AB$ is similar to $BA$.

(f) If $A$ is similar to $B$, then $A^k$ is similar to $B^k$ for any positive integer $k$.

 

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Quiz 4: Inverse Matrix/ Nonsingular Matrix Satisfying a Relation

Problem 289

(a) Find the inverse matrix of
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
1 & 0 & 1 \\
1 &0 &0 \\
2 & 1 & 1
\end{bmatrix}\] if it exists. If you think there is no inverse matrix of $A$, then give a reason.

(b) Find a nonsingular $2\times 2$ matrix $A$ such that
\[A^3=A^2B-3A^2,\] where
\[B=\begin{bmatrix}
4 & 1\\
2& 6
\end{bmatrix}.\] Verify that the matrix $A$ you obtained is actually a nonsingular matrix.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Midterm Exam Problem)
 

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Linearly Independent vectors $\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2$ and Linearly Independent Vectors $A\mathbf{v}_1, A\mathbf{v}_2$ for a Nonsingular Matrix

Problem 284

Let $\mathbf{v}_1$ and $\mathbf{v}_2$ be $2$-dimensional vectors and let $A$ be a $2\times 2$ matrix.

(a) Show that if $\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2$ are linearly dependent vectors, then the vectors $A\mathbf{v}_1, A\mathbf{v}_2$ are also linearly dependent.

(b) If $\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2$ are linearly independent vectors, can we conclude that the vectors $A\mathbf{v}_1, A\mathbf{v}_2$ are also linearly independent?

(c) If $\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2$ are linearly independent vectors and $A$ is nonsingular, then show that the vectors $A\mathbf{v}_1, A\mathbf{v}_2$ are also linearly independent.

 

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Find a Nonsingular Matrix Satisfying Some Relation

Problem 280

Determine whether there exists a nonsingular matrix $A$ if
\[A^2=AB+2A,\] where $B$ is the following matrix.
If such a nonsingular matrix $A$ exists, find the inverse matrix $A^{-1}$.

(a) \[B=\begin{bmatrix}
-1 & 1 & -1 \\
0 &-1 &0 \\
1 & 2 & -2
\end{bmatrix}\]

(b) \[B=\begin{bmatrix}
-1 & 1 & -1 \\
0 &-1 &0 \\
2 & 1 & -4
\end{bmatrix}.\]

 

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