Tagged: transpose

Construction of a Symmetric Matrix whose Inverse Matrix is Itself

Problem 556

Let $\mathbf{v}$ be a nonzero vector in $\R^n$.
Then the dot product $\mathbf{v}\cdot \mathbf{v}=\mathbf{v}^{\trans}\mathbf{v}\neq 0$.
Set $a:=\frac{2}{\mathbf{v}^{\trans}\mathbf{v}}$ and define the $n\times n$ matrix $A$ by
\[A=I-a\mathbf{v}\mathbf{v}^{\trans},\] where $I$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix.

Prove that $A$ is a symmetric matrix and $AA=I$.
Conclude that the inverse matrix is $A^{-1}=A$.

 
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A Relation of Nonzero Row Vectors and Column Vectors

Problem 406

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ matrix. Suppose that $\mathbf{y}$ is a nonzero row vector such that
\[\mathbf{y}A=\mathbf{y}.\] (Here a row vector means a $1\times n$ matrix.)
Prove that there is a nonzero column vector $\mathbf{x}$ such that
\[A\mathbf{x}=\mathbf{x}.\] (Here a column vector means an $n \times 1$ matrix.)

 
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If Column Vectors Form Orthonormal set, is Row Vectors Form Orthonormal Set?

Problem 317

Suppose that $A$ is a real $n\times n$ matrix.

(a) Is it true that $A$ must commute with its transpose?

(b) Suppose that the columns of $A$ (considered as vectors) form an orthonormal set.
Is it true that the rows of $A$ must also form an orthonormal set?

(University of California, Berkeley, Linear Algebra Qualifying Exam)

 
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Compute and Simplify the Matrix Expression Including Transpose and Inverse Matrices

Problem 297

Let $A, B, C$ be the following $3\times 3$ matrices.
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
1 & 2 & 3 \\
4 &5 &6 \\
7 & 8 & 9
\end{bmatrix}, B=\begin{bmatrix}
1 & 0 & 1 \\
0 &3 &0 \\
1 & 0 & 5
\end{bmatrix}, C=\begin{bmatrix}
-1 & 0\ & 1 \\
0 &5 &6 \\
3 & 0 & 1
\end{bmatrix}.\] Then compute and simplify the following expression.
\[(A^{\trans}-B)^{\trans}+C(B^{-1}C)^{-1}.\]

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Midterm Exam Problem)
 
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Quiz 2. The Vector Form For the General Solution / Transpose Matrices. Math 2568 Spring 2017.

Problem 273

(a) The given matrix is the augmented matrix for a system of linear equations.
Give the vector form for the general solution.
\[ \left[\begin{array}{rrrrr|r}
1 & 0 & -1 & 0 &-2 & 0 \\
0 & 1 & 2 & 0 & -1 & 0 \\
0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 1 & 0 \\
\end{array} \right].\]

(b) Let
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
1 & 2 & 3 \\
4 &5 &6
\end{bmatrix}, B=\begin{bmatrix}
1 & 0 & 1 \\
0 &1 &0
\end{bmatrix}, C=\begin{bmatrix}
1 & 2\\
0& 6
\end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{v}=\begin{bmatrix}
0 \\
1 \\
0
\end{bmatrix}.\] Then compute and simplify the following expression.
\[\mathbf{v}^{\trans}\left( A^{\trans}-(A-B)^{\trans}\right)C.\]

 
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Find the Distance Between Two Vectors if the Lengths and the Dot Product are Given

Problem 254

Let $\mathbf{a}$ and $\mathbf{b}$ be vectors in $\R^n$ such that their length are
\[\|\mathbf{a}\|=\|\mathbf{b}\|=1\] and the inner product
\[\mathbf{a}\cdot \mathbf{b}=\mathbf{a}^{\trans}\mathbf{b}=-\frac{1}{2}.\]

Then determine the length $\|\mathbf{a}-\mathbf{b}\|$.
(Note that this length is the distance between $\mathbf{a}$ and $\mathbf{b}$.)

 
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Rotation Matrix in Space and its Determinant and Eigenvalues

Problem 218

For a real number $0\leq \theta \leq \pi$, we define the real $3\times 3$ matrix $A$ by
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
\cos\theta & -\sin\theta & 0 \\
\sin\theta &\cos\theta &0 \\
0 & 0 & 1
\end{bmatrix}.\]

(a) Find the determinant of the matrix $A$.

(b) Show that $A$ is an orthogonal matrix.

(c) Find the eigenvalues of $A$.

 
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Subspaces of Symmetric, Skew-Symmetric Matrices

Problem 143

Let $V$ be the vector space over $\R$ consisting of all $n\times n$ real matrices for some fixed integer $n$. Prove or disprove that the following subsets of $V$ are subspaces of $V$.

(a) The set $S$ consisting of all $n\times n$ symmetric matrices.

(b) The set $T$ consisting of all $n \times n$ skew-symmetric matrices.

(c) The set $U$ consisting of all $n\times n$ nonsingular matrices.

 
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10 True or False Problems about Basic Matrix Operations

Problem 104

Test your understanding of basic properties of matrix operations.

There are 10 True or False Quiz Problems.

These 10 problems are very common and essential.
So make sure to understand these and don’t lose a point if any of these is your exam problems.
(These are actual exam problems at the Ohio State University.)

You can take the quiz as many times as you like.

The solutions will be given after completing all the 10 problems.
Click the View question button to see the solutions.

 
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Find a Basis of the Subspace of All Vectors that are Perpendicular to the Columns of the Matrix

Problem 40

Find a basis for the subspace $W$ of all vectors in $\R^4$ which are perpendicular to the columns of the matrix
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
11 & 12 & 13 & 14 \\
21 &22 & 23 & 24 \\
31 & 32 & 33 & 34 \\
41 & 42 & 43 & 44
\end{bmatrix}.\]

(Harvard University Exam)

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