2568syllabus_f16

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2568syllabus_f16


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  • If a Sylow Subgroup is Normal in a Normal Subgroup, it is a Normal SubgroupIf a Sylow Subgroup is Normal in a Normal Subgroup, it is a Normal Subgroup Let $G$ be a finite group. Suppose that $p$ is a prime number that divides the order of $G$. Let $N$ be a normal subgroup of $G$ and let $P$ be a $p$-Sylow subgroup of $G$. Show that if $P$ is normal in $N$, then $P$ is a normal subgroup of $G$.   Hint. It follows from […]
  • Vector Space of Polynomials and Coordinate VectorsVector Space of Polynomials and Coordinate Vectors Let $P_2$ be the vector space of all polynomials of degree two or less. Consider the subset in $P_2$ \[Q=\{ p_1(x), p_2(x), p_3(x), p_4(x)\},\] where \begin{align*} &p_1(x)=x^2+2x+1, &p_2(x)=2x^2+3x+1, \\ &p_3(x)=2x^2, &p_4(x)=2x^2+x+1. \end{align*} (a) Use the basis […]
  • Finite Integral Domain is a FieldFinite Integral Domain is a Field Show that any finite integral domain $R$ is a field.   Definition. A commutative ring $R$ with $1\neq 0$ is called an integral domain if it has no zero divisors. That is, if $ab=0$ for $a, b \in R$, then either $a=0$ or $b=0$. Proof. We give two proofs. Proof […]
  • Projection to the subspace spanned by a vectorProjection to the subspace spanned by a vector Let $T: \R^3 \to \R^3$ be the linear transformation given by orthogonal projection to the line spanned by $\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}$. (a) Find a formula for $T(\mathbf{x})$ for $\mathbf{x}\in \R^3$. (b) Find a basis for the image subspace of $T$. (c) Find […]
  • The Subspace of Matrices that are Diagonalized by a Fixed MatrixThe Subspace of Matrices that are Diagonalized by a Fixed Matrix Suppose that $S$ is a fixed invertible $3$ by $3$ matrix. This question is about all the matrices $A$ that are diagonalized by $S$, so that $S^{-1}AS$ is diagonal. Show that these matrices $A$ form a subspace of $3$ by $3$ matrix space. (MIT-Massachusetts Institute of Technology […]
  • Using Properties of Inverse Matrices, Simplify the ExpressionUsing Properties of Inverse Matrices, Simplify the Expression Let $A, B, C$ be $n\times n$ invertible matrices. When you simplify the expression \[C^{-1}(AB^{-1})^{-1}(CA^{-1})^{-1}C^2,\] which matrix do you get? (a) $A$ (b) $C^{-1}A^{-1}BC^{-1}AC^2$ (c) $B$ (d) $C^2$ (e) $C^{-1}BC$ (f) $C$   Solution. In this problem, we […]
  • Every Group of Order 20449 is an Abelian GroupEvery Group of Order 20449 is an Abelian Group Prove that every group of order $20449$ is an abelian group.   Outline of the Proof Note that $20449=11^2 \cdot 13^2$. Let $G$ be a group of order $20449$. We prove by Sylow's theorem that there are a unique Sylow $11$-subgroup and a unique Sylow $13$-subgroup of […]
  • Determine When the Given Matrix InvertibleDetermine When the Given Matrix Invertible For which choice(s) of the constant $k$ is the following matrix invertible? \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1 & 1 \\ 1 &2 &k \\ 1 & 4 & k^2 \end{bmatrix}.\]   (Johns Hopkins University, Linear Algebra Exam)   Hint. An $n\times n$ matrix is […]

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