# Michigan-State-University-Abstract-Algebra-eye-catch

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- Is the Product of a Nilpotent Matrix and an Invertible Matrix Nilpotent? A square matrix $A$ is called nilpotent if there exists a positive integer $k$ such that $A^k=O$, where $O$ is the zero matrix. (a) If $A$ is a nilpotent $n \times n$ matrix and $B$ is an $n\times n$ matrix such that $AB=BA$. Show that the product $AB$ is nilpotent. (b) Let $P$ […]
- Find Bases for the Null Space, Range, and the Row Space of a $5\times 4$ Matrix Let \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & -1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 &1 & 1 & 1 \\ 1 & -1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 2 & 2 & 2\\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \end{bmatrix}.\] (a) Find a basis for the null space $\calN(A)$. (b) Find a basis of the range $\calR(A)$. (c) Find a basis of the […]
- Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of The Cross Product Linear Transformation We fix a nonzero vector $\mathbf{a}$ in $\R^3$ and define a map $T:\R^3\to \R^3$ by \[T(\mathbf{v})=\mathbf{a}\times \mathbf{v}\] for all $\mathbf{v}\in \R^3$. Here the right-hand side is the cross product of $\mathbf{a}$ and $\mathbf{v}$. (a) Prove that $T:\R^3\to \R^3$ is […]
- Linear Algebra Midterm 1 at the Ohio State University (3/3) The following problems are Midterm 1 problems of Linear Algebra (Math 2568) at the Ohio State University in Autumn 2017. There were 9 problems that covered Chapter 1 of our textbook (Johnson, Riess, Arnold). The time limit was 55 minutes. This post is Part 3 and contains […]
- The Product of Two Nonsingular Matrices is Nonsingular Prove that if $n\times n$ matrices $A$ and $B$ are nonsingular, then the product $AB$ is also a nonsingular matrix. (The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Final Exam Problem) Definition (Nonsingular Matrix) An $n\times n$ matrix is called nonsingular if the […]
- Basis and Dimension of the Subspace of All Polynomials of Degree 4 or Less Satisfying Some Conditions. Let $P_4$ be the vector space consisting of all polynomials of degree $4$ or less with real number coefficients. Let $W$ be the subspace of $P_2$ by \[W=\{ p(x)\in P_4 \mid p(1)+p(-1)=0 \text{ and } p(2)+p(-2)=0 \}.\] Find a basis of the subspace $W$ and determine the dimension of […]
- A Module $M$ is Irreducible if and only if $M$ is isomorphic to $R/I$ for a Maximal Ideal $I$. Let $R$ be a commutative ring with $1$ and let $M$ be an $R$-module. Prove that the $R$-module $M$ is irreducible if and only if $M$ is isomorphic to $R/I$, where $I$ is a maximal ideal of $R$, as an $R$-module. Definition (Irreducible module). An […]
- If the Kernel of a Matrix $A$ is Trivial, then $A^T A$ is Invertible Let $A$ be an $m \times n$ real matrix. Then the kernel of $A$ is defined as $\ker(A)=\{ x\in \R^n \mid Ax=0 \}$. The kernel is also called the null space of $A$. Suppose that $A$ is an $m \times n$ real matrix such that $\ker(A)=0$. Prove that $A^{\trans}A$ is […]