Art museum of math formulas for pi

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Art museum of math formulas for pi


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  • Beautiful Formulas for pi=3.14…Beautiful Formulas for pi=3.14… The number $\pi$ is defined a s the ratio of a circle's circumference $C$ to its diameter $d$: \[\pi=\frac{C}{d}.\] $\pi$ in decimal starts with 3.14... and never end. I will show you several beautiful formulas for $\pi$.   Art Museum of formulas for $\pi$ […]
  • Find a General Formula of a Linear Transformation From $\R^2$ to $\R^3$Find a General Formula of a Linear Transformation From $\R^2$ to $\R^3$ Suppose that $T: \R^2 \to \R^3$ is a linear transformation satisfying \[T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}\,\right)=\begin{bmatrix} 3 \\ 4 \\ 5 \end{bmatrix} \text{ and } T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix} […]
  • The Rotation Matrix is an Orthogonal TransformationThe Rotation Matrix is an Orthogonal Transformation Let $\mathbb{R}^2$ be the vector space of size-2 column vectors. This vector space has an inner product defined by $ \langle \mathbf{v} , \mathbf{w} \rangle = \mathbf{v}^\trans \mathbf{w}$. A linear transformation $T : \R^2 \rightarrow \R^2$ is called an orthogonal transformation if […]
  • Mathematics About the Number 2018Mathematics About the Number 2018 Happy New Year 2018!! Here are several mathematical facts about the number 2018.   Is 2018 a Prime Number? The number 2018 is an even number, so in particular 2018 is not a prime number. The prime factorization of 2018 is \[2018=2\cdot 1009.\] Here $2$ and $1009$ are […]
  • The Sum of Cosine Squared in an Inner Product SpaceThe Sum of Cosine Squared in an Inner Product Space Let $\mathbf{v}$ be a vector in an inner product space $V$ over $\R$. Suppose that $\{\mathbf{u}_1, \dots, \mathbf{u}_n\}$ is an orthonormal basis of $V$. Let $\theta_i$ be the angle between $\mathbf{v}$ and $\mathbf{u}_i$ for $i=1,\dots, n$. Prove that \[\cos […]
  • The Existence of an Element in an Abelian Group of Order the Least Common Multiple of Two ElementsThe Existence of an Element in an Abelian Group of Order the Least Common Multiple of Two Elements Let $G$ be an abelian group. Let $a$ and $b$ be elements in $G$ of order $m$ and $n$, respectively. Prove that there exists an element $c$ in $G$ such that the order of $c$ is the least common multiple of $m$ and $n$. Also determine whether the statement is true if $G$ is a […]
  • The Cyclotomic Field of 8-th Roots of Unity is $\Q(\zeta_8)=\Q(i, \sqrt{2})$The Cyclotomic Field of 8-th Roots of Unity is $\Q(\zeta_8)=\Q(i, \sqrt{2})$ Let $\zeta_8$ be a primitive $8$-th root of unity. Prove that the cyclotomic field $\Q(\zeta_8)$ of the $8$-th root of unity is the field $\Q(i, \sqrt{2})$.   Proof. Recall that the extension degree of the cyclotomic field of $n$-th roots of unity is given by […]
  • A Group Homomorphism that Factors though Another GroupA Group Homomorphism that Factors though Another Group Let $G, H, K$ be groups. Let $f:G\to K$ be a group homomorphism and let $\pi:G\to H$ be a surjective group homomorphism such that the kernel of $\pi$ is included in the kernel of $f$: $\ker(\pi) \subset \ker(f)$. Define a map $\bar{f}:H\to K$ as follows. For each […]

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