# Johns-Hopkins-exam-eye-catch

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- If the Localization is Noetherian for All Prime Ideals, Is the Ring Noetherian? Let $R$ be a commutative ring with $1$. Suppose that the localization $R_{\mathfrak{p}}$ is a Noetherian ring for every prime ideal $\mathfrak{p}$ of $R$. Is it true that $A$ is also a Noetherian ring? Proof. The answer is no. We give a counterexample. Let […]
- Order of Product of Two Elements in a Group Let $G$ be a group. Let $a$ and $b$ be elements of $G$. If the order of $a, b$ are $m, n$ respectively, then is it true that the order of the product $ab$ divides $mn$? If so give a proof. If not, give a counterexample. Proof. We claim that it is not true. As a […]
- Common Eigenvector of Two Matrices and Determinant of Commutator Let $A$ and $B$ be $n\times n$ matrices. Suppose that these matrices have a common eigenvector $\mathbf{x}$. Show that $\det(AB-BA)=0$. Steps. Write down eigenequations of $A$ and $B$ with the eigenvector $\mathbf{x}$. Show that AB-BA is singular. A matrix is […]
- If a Matrix $A$ is Singular, There Exists Nonzero $B$ such that the Product $AB$ is the Zero Matrix Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ singular matrix. Then prove that there exists a nonzero $n\times n$ matrix $B$ such that \[AB=O,\] where $O$ is the $n\times n$ zero matrix. Definition. Recall that an $n \times n$ matrix $A$ is called singular if the […]
- Calculate Determinants of Matrices Calculate the determinants of the following $n\times n$ matrices. \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 &1 \\ 1 & 1 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ \vdots & \vdots […]
- Ring of Gaussian Integers and Determine its Unit Elements Denote by $i$ the square root of $-1$. Let \[R=\Z[i]=\{a+ib \mid a, b \in \Z \}\] be the ring of Gaussian integers. We define the norm $N:\Z[i] \to \Z$ by sending $\alpha=a+ib$ to \[N(\alpha)=\alpha \bar{\alpha}=a^2+b^2.\] Here $\bar{\alpha}$ is the complex conjugate of […]
- Special Linear Group is a Normal Subgroup of General Linear Group Let $G=\GL(n, \R)$ be the general linear group of degree $n$, that is, the group of all $n\times n$ invertible matrices. Consider the subset of $G$ defined by \[\SL(n, \R)=\{X\in \GL(n,\R) \mid \det(X)=1\}.\] Prove that $\SL(n, \R)$ is a subgroup of $G$. Furthermore, prove that […]
- Find the Inverse Matrix of a $3\times 3$ Matrix if Exists Find the inverse matrix of \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1 & 2 \\ 0 &0 &1 \\ 1 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}\] if it exists. If you think there is no inverse matrix of $A$, then give a reason. (The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Midterm Exam […]