vector-space

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Vector Space Problems and Solutions


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  • Non-Prime Ideal of Continuous FunctionsNon-Prime Ideal of Continuous Functions Let $R$ be the ring of all continuous functions on the interval $[0,1]$. Let $I$ be the set of functions $f(x)$ in $R$ such that $f(1/2)=f(1/3)=0$. Show that the set $I$ is an ideal of $R$ but is not a prime ideal.   Proof. We first show that $I$ is an ideal of […]
  • Galois Group of the Polynomial $x^2-2$Galois Group of the Polynomial $x^2-2$ Let $\Q$ be the field of rational numbers. (a) Is the polynomial $f(x)=x^2-2$ separable over $\Q$? (b) Find the Galois group of $f(x)$ over $\Q$.   Solution. (a) The polynomial $f(x)=x^2-2$ is separable over $\Q$ The roots of the polynomial $f(x)$ are $\pm […]
  • Group of Order $pq$ Has a Normal Sylow Subgroup and SolvableGroup of Order $pq$ Has a Normal Sylow Subgroup and Solvable Let $p, q$ be prime numbers such that $p>q$. If a group $G$ has order $pq$, then show the followings. (a) The group $G$ has a normal Sylow $p$-subgroup. (b) The group $G$ is solvable.   Definition/Hint For (a), apply Sylow's theorem. To review Sylow's theorem, […]
  • Find the Dimension of the Subspace of Vectors Perpendicular to Given VectorsFind the Dimension of the Subspace of Vectors Perpendicular to Given Vectors Let $V$ be a subset of $\R^4$ consisting of vectors that are perpendicular to vectors $\mathbf{a}, \mathbf{b}$ and $\mathbf{c}$, where \[\mathbf{a}=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \\ 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}, \quad \mathbf{b}=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 1 […]
  • Diagonalize the Upper Triangular Matrix and Find the Power of the MatrixDiagonalize the Upper Triangular Matrix and Find the Power of the Matrix Consider the $2\times 2$ complex matrix \[A=\begin{bmatrix} a & b-a\\ 0& b \end{bmatrix}.\] (a) Find the eigenvalues of $A$. (b) For each eigenvalue of $A$, determine the eigenvectors. (c) Diagonalize the matrix $A$. (d) Using the result of the […]
  • Order of the Product of Two Elements in an Abelian GroupOrder of the Product of Two Elements in an Abelian Group Let $G$ be an abelian group with the identity element $1$. Let $a, b$ be elements of $G$ with order $m$ and $n$, respectively. If $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime, then show that the order of the element $ab$ is $mn$.   Proof. Let $r$ be the order of the element […]
  • Determine Trigonometric Functions with Given ConditionsDetermine Trigonometric Functions with Given Conditions (a) Find a function \[g(\theta) = a \cos(\theta) + b \cos(2 \theta) + c \cos(3 \theta)\] such that $g(0) = g(\pi/2) = g(\pi) = 0$, where $a, b, c$ are constants. (b) Find real numbers $a, b, c$ such that the function \[g(\theta) = a \cos(\theta) + b \cos(2 \theta) + c \cos(3 […]
  • Find the Distance Between Two Vectors if the Lengths and the Dot Product are GivenFind the Distance Between Two Vectors if the Lengths and the Dot Product are Given Let $\mathbf{a}$ and $\mathbf{b}$ be vectors in $\R^n$ such that their length are \[\|\mathbf{a}\|=\|\mathbf{b}\|=1\] and the inner product \[\mathbf{a}\cdot \mathbf{b}=\mathbf{a}^{\trans}\mathbf{b}=-\frac{1}{2}.\] Then determine the length $\|\mathbf{a}-\mathbf{b}\|$. (Note […]

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