# linear-algebra-eye-catch3

by Yu · Published · Updated

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- Determinant of a General Circulant Matrix Let \[A=\begin{bmatrix} a_0 & a_1 & \dots & a_{n-2} &a_{n-1} \\ a_{n-1} & a_0 & \dots & a_{n-3} & a_{n-2} \\ a_{n-2} & a_{n-1} & \dots & a_{n-4} & a_{n-3} \\ \vdots & \vdots & \dots & \vdots & \vdots \\ a_{2} & a_3 & \dots & a_{0} & a_{1}\\ a_{1} & a_2 & […]
- Quiz 13 (Part 2) Find Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Special Matrix Find all eigenvalues of the matrix \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & i & i & i \\ i &0 & i & i \\ i & i & 0 & i \\ i & i & i & 0 \end{bmatrix},\] where $i=\sqrt{-1}$. For each eigenvalue of $A$, determine its algebraic multiplicity and geometric […]
- Find a Basis for a Subspace of the Vector Space of $2\times 2$ Matrices Let $V$ be the vector space of all $2\times 2$ matrices, and let the subset $S$ of $V$ be defined by $S=\{A_1, A_2, A_3, A_4\}$, where \begin{align*} A_1=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 \\ -1 & 3 \end{bmatrix}, \quad A_2=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & -1 \\ 1 & 4 […]
- Prove the Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality Let $\mathbf{a}, \mathbf{b}$ be vectors in $\R^n$. Prove the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality: \[|\mathbf{a}\cdot \mathbf{b}|\leq \|\mathbf{a}\|\,\|\mathbf{b}\|.\] We give two proofs. Proof 1 Let $x$ be a variable and consider the length of the vector […]
- Multiplicative Groups of Real Numbers and Complex Numbers are not Isomorphic Let $\R^{\times}=\R\setminus \{0\}$ be the multiplicative group of real numbers. Let $\C^{\times}=\C\setminus \{0\}$ be the multiplicative group of complex numbers. Then show that $\R^{\times}$ and $\C^{\times}$ are not isomorphic as groups. Recall. Let $G$ and $K$ […]
- A Matrix Equation of a Symmetric Matrix and the Limit of its Solution Let $A$ be a real symmetric $n\times n$ matrix with $0$ as a simple eigenvalue (that is, the algebraic multiplicity of the eigenvalue $0$ is $1$), and let us fix a vector $\mathbf{v}\in \R^n$. (a) Prove that for sufficiently small positive real $\epsilon$, the equation […]
- Taking the Third Order Taylor Polynomial is a Linear Transformation The space $C^{\infty} (\mathbb{R})$ is the vector space of real functions which are infinitely differentiable. Let $T : C^{\infty} (\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow \mathrm{P}_3$ be the map which takes $f \in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R})$ to its third order Taylor polynomial, specifically defined […]
- If $R$ is a Noetherian Ring and $f:R\to R’$ is a Surjective Homomorphism, then $R’$ is Noetherian Suppose that $f:R\to R'$ is a surjective ring homomorphism. Prove that if $R$ is a Noetherian ring, then so is $R'$. Definition. A ring $S$ is Noetherian if for every ascending chain of ideals of $S$ \[I_1 \subset I_2 \subset \cdots \subset I_k \subset […]