Sylow’s Theorem (Summary) In this post we review Sylow's theorem and as an example we solve the following problem.
Show that a group of order $200$ has a normal Sylow $5$-subgroup.
Review of Sylow's Theorem
One of the important theorems in group theory is Sylow's theorem.
Sylow's theorem is a […]

Find an Orthonormal Basis of the Range of a Linear Transformation
Let $T:\R^2 \to \R^3$ be a linear transformation given by
\[T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix}
x_1 \\
x_2
\end{bmatrix} \,\right)
=
\begin{bmatrix}
x_1-x_2 \\
x_2 \\
x_1+ x_2
\end{bmatrix}.\]
Find an orthonormal basis of the range of $T$.
(The Ohio […]

The Quotient Ring by an Ideal of a Ring of Some Matrices is Isomorphic to $\Q$.
Let
\[R=\left\{\, \begin{bmatrix}
a & b\\
0& a
\end{bmatrix} \quad \middle | \quad a, b\in \Q \,\right\}.\]
Then the usual matrix addition and multiplication make $R$ an ring.
Let
\[J=\left\{\, \begin{bmatrix}
0 & b\\
0& 0
\end{bmatrix} […]

Powers of a Diagonal Matrix
Let $A=\begin{bmatrix}
a & 0\\
0& b
\end{bmatrix}$.
Show that
(1) $A^n=\begin{bmatrix}
a^n & 0\\
0& b^n
\end{bmatrix}$ for any $n \in \N$.
(2) Let $B=S^{-1}AS$, where $S$ be an invertible $2 \times 2$ matrix.
Show that $B^n=S^{-1}A^n S$ for any $n \in […]

A Group of Order $pqr$ Contains a Normal Subgroup of Order Either $p, q$, or $r$
Let $G$ be a group of order $|G|=pqr$, where $p,q,r$ are prime numbers such that $p<q<r$.
Show that $G$ has a normal subgroup of order either $p,q$ or $r$.
Hint.
Show that using Sylow's theorem that $G$ has a normal Sylow subgroup of order either $p,q$, or $r$.
Review […]

The Preimage of Prime ideals are Prime Ideals
Let $f: R\to R'$ be a ring homomorphism. Let $P$ be a prime ideal of the ring $R'$.
Prove that the preimage $f^{-1}(P)$ is a prime ideal of $R$.
Proof.
The preimage of an ideal by a ring homomorphism is an ideal.
(See the post "The inverse image of an ideal by […]

Linear Algebra Midterm 1 at the Ohio State University (1/3)
The following problems are Midterm 1 problems of Linear Algebra (Math 2568) at the Ohio State University in Autumn 2017.
There were 9 problems that covered Chapter 1 of our textbook (Johnson, Riess, Arnold).
The time limit was 55 minutes.
This post is Part 1 and contains the […]