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  • Sylow’s Theorem (Summary)Sylow’s Theorem (Summary) In this post we review Sylow's theorem and as an example we solve the following problem. Show that a group of order $200$ has a normal Sylow $5$-subgroup. Review of Sylow's Theorem One of the important theorems in group theory is Sylow's theorem. Sylow's theorem is a […]
  • Find an Orthonormal Basis of the Range of a Linear TransformationFind an Orthonormal Basis of the Range of a Linear Transformation Let $T:\R^2 \to \R^3$ be a linear transformation given by \[T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \end{bmatrix} \,\right) = \begin{bmatrix} x_1-x_2 \\ x_2 \\ x_1+ x_2 \end{bmatrix}.\] Find an orthonormal basis of the range of $T$. (The Ohio […]
  • The Quotient Ring by an Ideal of a Ring of Some Matrices is Isomorphic to $\Q$.The Quotient Ring by an Ideal of a Ring of Some Matrices is Isomorphic to $\Q$. Let \[R=\left\{\, \begin{bmatrix} a & b\\ 0& a \end{bmatrix} \quad \middle | \quad a, b\in \Q \,\right\}.\] Then the usual matrix addition and multiplication make $R$ an ring. Let \[J=\left\{\, \begin{bmatrix} 0 & b\\ 0& 0 \end{bmatrix} […]
  • Powers of a Diagonal MatrixPowers of a Diagonal Matrix Let $A=\begin{bmatrix} a & 0\\ 0& b \end{bmatrix}$. Show that (1) $A^n=\begin{bmatrix} a^n & 0\\ 0& b^n \end{bmatrix}$ for any $n \in \N$. (2) Let $B=S^{-1}AS$, where $S$ be an invertible $2 \times 2$ matrix. Show that $B^n=S^{-1}A^n S$ for any $n \in […]
  • A Group of Order $pqr$ Contains a Normal Subgroup of Order Either $p, q$, or $r$A Group of Order $pqr$ Contains a Normal Subgroup of Order Either $p, q$, or $r$ Let $G$ be a group of order $|G|=pqr$, where $p,q,r$ are prime numbers such that $p<q<r$. Show that $G$ has a normal subgroup of order either $p,q$ or $r$. Hint. Show that using Sylow's theorem that $G$ has a normal Sylow subgroup of order either $p,q$, or $r$. Review […]
  • The Preimage of Prime ideals are Prime IdealsThe Preimage of Prime ideals are Prime Ideals Let $f: R\to R'$ be a ring homomorphism. Let $P$ be a prime ideal of the ring $R'$. Prove that the preimage $f^{-1}(P)$ is a prime ideal of $R$.   Proof. The preimage of an ideal by a ring homomorphism is an ideal. (See the post "The inverse image of an ideal by […]
  • Determine Linearly Independent or Linearly Dependent. Express as a Linear CombinationDetermine Linearly Independent or Linearly Dependent. Express as a Linear Combination Determine whether the following set of vectors is linearly independent or linearly dependent. If the set is linearly dependent, express one vector in the set as a linear combination of the others. \[\left\{\, \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \\ -1 \\ 0 […]
  • Linear Algebra Midterm 1 at the Ohio State University (1/3)Linear Algebra Midterm 1 at the Ohio State University (1/3) The following problems are Midterm 1 problems of Linear Algebra (Math 2568) at the Ohio State University in Autumn 2017. There were 9 problems that covered Chapter 1 of our textbook (Johnson, Riess, Arnold). The time limit was 55 minutes. This post is Part 1 and contains the […]

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