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Problems and Solutions in Field Theory in Abstract Algebra


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  • If a Sylow Subgroup is Normal in a Normal Subgroup, it is a Normal SubgroupIf a Sylow Subgroup is Normal in a Normal Subgroup, it is a Normal Subgroup Let $G$ be a finite group. Suppose that $p$ is a prime number that divides the order of $G$. Let $N$ be a normal subgroup of $G$ and let $P$ be a $p$-Sylow subgroup of $G$. Show that if $P$ is normal in $N$, then $P$ is a normal subgroup of $G$.   Hint. It follows from […]
  • Two Matrices with the Same Characteristic Polynomial. Diagonalize if Possible.Two Matrices with the Same Characteristic Polynomial. Diagonalize if Possible. Let \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 3 & 3 \\ -3 &-5 &-3 \\ 3 & 3 & 1 \end{bmatrix} \text{ and } B=\begin{bmatrix} 2 & 4 & 3 \\ -4 &-6 &-3 \\ 3 & 3 & 1 \end{bmatrix}.\] For this problem, you may use the fact that both matrices have the same characteristic […]
  • Inverse Matrix of Positive-Definite Symmetric Matrix is Positive-DefiniteInverse Matrix of Positive-Definite Symmetric Matrix is Positive-Definite Suppose $A$ is a positive definite symmetric $n\times n$ matrix. (a) Prove that $A$ is invertible. (b) Prove that $A^{-1}$ is symmetric. (c) Prove that $A^{-1}$ is positive-definite. (MIT, Linear Algebra Exam Problem)   Proof. (a) Prove that $A$ is […]
  • Ring Homomorphisms and Radical IdealsRing Homomorphisms and Radical Ideals Let $R$ and $R'$ be commutative rings and let $f:R\to R'$ be a ring homomorphism. Let $I$ and $I'$ be ideals of $R$ and $R'$, respectively. (a) Prove that $f(\sqrt{I}\,) \subset \sqrt{f(I)}$. (b) Prove that $\sqrt{f^{-1}(I')}=f^{-1}(\sqrt{I'})$ (c) Suppose that $f$ is […]
  • Ascending Chain of Submodules and Union of its SubmodulesAscending Chain of Submodules and Union of its Submodules Let $R$ be a ring with $1$. Let $M$ be an $R$-module. Consider an ascending chain \[N_1 \subset N_2 \subset \cdots\] of submodules of $M$. Prove that the union \[\cup_{i=1}^{\infty} N_i\] is a submodule of $M$.   Proof. To simplify the notation, let us […]
  • True or False. The Intersection of Bases is a Basis of the Intersection of SubspacesTrue or False. The Intersection of Bases is a Basis of the Intersection of Subspaces Determine whether the following is true or false. If it is true, then give a proof. If it is false, then give a counterexample. Let $W_1$ and $W_2$ be subspaces of the vector space $\R^n$. If $B_1$ and $B_2$ are bases for $W_1$ and $W_2$, respectively, then $B_1\cap B_2$ is a […]
  • Find All the Eigenvalues of 4 by 4 MatrixFind All the Eigenvalues of 4 by 4 Matrix Find all the eigenvalues of the matrix \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 &0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \end{bmatrix}.\] (The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Final Exam Problem)   Solution. We compute the […]
  • Top 10 Popular Math Problems in 2016-2017Top 10 Popular Math Problems in 2016-2017 It's been a year since I started this math blog!! More than 500 problems were posted during a year (July 19th 2016-July 19th 2017). I made a list of the 10 math problems on this blog that have the most views. Can you solve all of them? The level of difficulty among the top […]

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