field-theory-eyecatch

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  • Calculate Determinants of MatricesCalculate Determinants of Matrices Calculate the determinants of the following $n\times n$ matrices. \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 &1 \\ 1 & 1 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ \vdots & \vdots […]
  • If $A$ is a Skew-Symmetric Matrix, then $I+A$ is Nonsingular and $(I-A)(I+A)^{-1}$ is OrthogonalIf $A$ is a Skew-Symmetric Matrix, then $I+A$ is Nonsingular and $(I-A)(I+A)^{-1}$ is Orthogonal Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ real skew-symmetric matrix. (a) Prove that the matrices $I-A$ and $I+A$ are nonsingular. (b) Prove that \[B=(I-A)(I+A)^{-1}\] is an orthogonal matrix.   Proof. (a) Prove that the matrices $I-A$ and $I+A$ are nonsingular. The […]
  • Prove that the Center of Matrices is a SubspaceProve that the Center of Matrices is a Subspace Let $V$ be the vector space of $n \times n$ matrices with real coefficients, and define \[ W = \{ \mathbf{v} \in V \mid \mathbf{v} \mathbf{w} = \mathbf{w} \mathbf{v} \mbox{ for all } \mathbf{w} \in V \}.\] The set $W$ is called the center of $V$. Prove that $W$ is a subspace […]
  • $(x^3-y^2)$ is a Prime Ideal in the Ring $R[x, y]$, $R$ is an Integral Domain.$(x^3-y^2)$ is a Prime Ideal in the Ring $R[x, y]$, $R$ is an Integral Domain. Let $R$ be an integral domain. Then prove that the ideal $(x^3-y^2)$ is a prime ideal in the ring $R[x, y]$.   Proof. Consider the ring $R[t]$, where $t$ is a variable. Since $R$ is an integral domain, so is $R[t]$. Define the function $\Psi:R[x,y] \to R[t]$ sending […]
  • 7 Problems on Skew-Symmetric Matrices7 Problems on Skew-Symmetric Matrices Let $A$ and $B$ be $n\times n$ skew-symmetric matrices. Namely $A^{\trans}=-A$ and $B^{\trans}=-B$. (a) Prove that $A+B$ is skew-symmetric. (b) Prove that $cA$ is skew-symmetric for any scalar $c$. (c) Let $P$ be an $m\times n$ matrix. Prove that $P^{\trans}AP$ is […]
  • Subspace of Skew-Symmetric Matrices and Its DimensionSubspace of Skew-Symmetric Matrices and Its Dimension Let $V$ be the vector space of all $2\times 2$ matrices. Let $W$ be a subset of $V$ consisting of all $2\times 2$ skew-symmetric matrices. (Recall that a matrix $A$ is skew-symmetric if $A^{\trans}=-A$.) (a) Prove that the subset $W$ is a subspace of $V$. (b) Find the […]
  • A Condition that a Linear System has Nontrivial SolutionsA Condition that a Linear System has Nontrivial Solutions For what value(s) of $a$ does the system have nontrivial solutions? \begin{align*} &x_1+2x_2+x_3=0\\ &-x_1-x_2+x_3=0\\ & 3x_1+4x_2+ax_3=0. \end{align*}   Solution. First note that the system is homogeneous and hence it is consistent. Thus if the system has a nontrivial […]
  • Find a Basis and the Dimension of the Subspace of the 4-Dimensional Vector SpaceFind a Basis and the Dimension of the Subspace of the 4-Dimensional Vector Space Let $V$ be the following subspace of the $4$-dimensional vector space $\R^4$. \[V:=\left\{ \quad\begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \\ x_3 \\ x_4 \end{bmatrix} \in \R^4 \quad \middle| \quad x_1-x_2+x_3-x_4=0 \quad\right\}.\] Find a basis of the subspace $V$ […]

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