field-theory-eyecatch

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  • Prove that $(A + B) \mathbf{v} = A\mathbf{v} + B\mathbf{v}$ Using the Matrix ComponentsProve that $(A + B) \mathbf{v} = A\mathbf{v} + B\mathbf{v}$ Using the Matrix Components Let $A$ and $B$ be $n \times n$ matrices, and $\mathbf{v}$ an $n \times 1$ column vector. Use the matrix components to prove that $(A + B) \mathbf{v} = A\mathbf{v} + B\mathbf{v}$.   Solution. We will use the matrix components $A = (a_{i j})_{1 \leq i, j \leq n}$, $B = […]
  • For Fixed Matrices $R, S$, the Matrices $RAS$ form a SubspaceFor Fixed Matrices $R, S$, the Matrices $RAS$ form a Subspace Let $V$ be the vector space of $k \times k$ matrices. Then for fixed matrices $R, S \in V$, define the subset $W = \{ R A S \mid A \in V \}$. Prove that $W$ is a vector subspace of $V$.   Proof. We verify the subspace criteria: the zero vector of $V$ is in $W$, and […]
  • Calculate $A^{10}$ for a Given Matrix $A$Calculate $A^{10}$ for a Given Matrix $A$ Find $A^{10}$, where $A=\begin{bmatrix} 4 & 3 & 0 & 0 \\ 3 &-4 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 & 1 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$. (Harvard University Exam) Solution. Let $B=\begin{bmatrix} 4 & 3\\ 3& -4 \end{bmatrix}$ […]
  • Group of Invertible Matrices Over a Finite Field and its StabilizerGroup of Invertible Matrices Over a Finite Field and its Stabilizer Let $\F_p$ be the finite field of $p$ elements, where $p$ is a prime number. Let $G_n=\GL_n(\F_p)$ be the group of $n\times n$ invertible matrices with entries in the field $\F_p$. As usual in linear algebra, we may regard the elements of $G_n$ as linear transformations on $\F_p^n$, […]
  • Rotation Matrix in Space and its Determinant and EigenvaluesRotation Matrix in Space and its Determinant and Eigenvalues For a real number $0\leq \theta \leq \pi$, we define the real $3\times 3$ matrix $A$ by \[A=\begin{bmatrix} \cos\theta & -\sin\theta & 0 \\ \sin\theta &\cos\theta &0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}.\] (a) Find the determinant of the matrix $A$. (b) Show that $A$ is an […]
  • Vector Space of Polynomials and Coordinate VectorsVector Space of Polynomials and Coordinate Vectors Let $P_2$ be the vector space of all polynomials of degree two or less. Consider the subset in $P_2$ \[Q=\{ p_1(x), p_2(x), p_3(x), p_4(x)\},\] where \begin{align*} &p_1(x)=x^2+2x+1, &p_2(x)=2x^2+3x+1, \\ &p_3(x)=2x^2, &p_4(x)=2x^2+x+1. \end{align*} (a) Use the basis […]
  • Inner Products, Lengths, and Distances of 3-Dimensional Real VectorsInner Products, Lengths, and Distances of 3-Dimensional Real Vectors For this problem, use the real vectors \[ \mathbf{v}_1 = \begin{bmatrix} -1 \\ 0 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix} , \mathbf{v}_2 = \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 2 \\ -3 \end{bmatrix} , \mathbf{v}_3 = \begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ 2 \\ 3 \end{bmatrix} . \] Suppose that $\mathbf{v}_4$ is another vector which is […]
  • Diagonalizable Matrix with Eigenvalue 1, -1Diagonalizable Matrix with Eigenvalue 1, -1 Suppose that $A$ is a diagonalizable $n\times n$ matrix and has only $1$ and $-1$ as eigenvalues. Show that $A^2=I_n$, where $I_n$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix. (Stanford University Linear Algebra Exam) See below for a generalized problem. Hint. Diagonalize the […]

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