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  • Find a Basis for a Subspace of the Vector Space of $2\times 2$ MatricesFind a Basis for a Subspace of the Vector Space of $2\times 2$ Matrices Let $V$ be the vector space of all $2\times 2$ matrices, and let the subset $S$ of $V$ be defined by $S=\{A_1, A_2, A_3, A_4\}$, where \begin{align*} A_1=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 \\ -1 & 3 \end{bmatrix}, \quad A_2=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & -1 \\ 1 & 4 […]
  • If $M, P$ are Nonsingular, then Exists a Matrix $N$ such that $MN=P$If $M, P$ are Nonsingular, then Exists a Matrix $N$ such that $MN=P$ Suppose that $M, P$ are two $n \times n$ non-singular matrix. Prove that there is a matrix $N$ such that $MN = P$.   Proof. As non-singularity and invertibility are equivalent, we know that $M$ has the inverse matrix $M^{-1}$. Let us think backwards. Suppose that […]
  • The Rank of the Sum of Two MatricesThe Rank of the Sum of Two Matrices Let $A$ and $B$ be $m\times n$ matrices. Prove that \[\rk(A+B) \leq \rk(A)+\rk(B).\] Proof. Let \[A=[\mathbf{a}_1, \dots, \mathbf{a}_n] \text{ and } B=[\mathbf{b}_1, \dots, \mathbf{b}_n],\] where $\mathbf{a}_i$ and $\mathbf{b}_i$ are column vectors of $A$ and $B$, […]
  • Given Graphs of Characteristic Polynomial of Diagonalizable Matrices, Determine the Rank of MatricesGiven Graphs of Characteristic Polynomial of Diagonalizable Matrices, Determine the Rank of Matrices Let $A, B, C$ are $2\times 2$ diagonalizable matrices. The graphs of characteristic polynomials of $A, B, C$ are shown below. The red graph is for $A$, the blue one for $B$, and the green one for $C$. From this information, determine the rank of the matrices $A, B,$ and […]
  • Ring Homomorphisms from the Ring of Rational Numbers are Determined by the Values at IntegersRing Homomorphisms from the Ring of Rational Numbers are Determined by the Values at Integers Let $R$ be a ring with unity. Suppose that $f$ and $g$ are ring homomorphisms from $\Q$ to $R$ such that $f(n)=g(n)$ for any integer $n$. Then prove that $f=g$.   Proof. Let $a/b \in \Q$ be an arbitrary rational number with integers $a, b$. Then we […]
  • Solve a System by the Inverse Matrix and Compute $A^{2017}\mathbf{x}$Solve a System by the Inverse Matrix and Compute $A^{2017}\mathbf{x}$ Let $A$ be the coefficient matrix of the system of linear equations \begin{align*} -x_1-2x_2&=1\\ 2x_1+3x_2&=-1. \end{align*} (a) Solve the system by finding the inverse matrix $A^{-1}$. (b) Let $\mathbf{x}=\begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \end{bmatrix}$ be the solution […]
  • Determine When the Given Matrix InvertibleDetermine When the Given Matrix Invertible For which choice(s) of the constant $k$ is the following matrix invertible? \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1 & 1 \\ 1 &2 &k \\ 1 & 4 & k^2 \end{bmatrix}.\]   (Johns Hopkins University, Linear Algebra Exam)   Hint. An $n\times n$ matrix is […]
  • A Group of Linear FunctionsA Group of Linear Functions Define the functions $f_{a,b}(x)=ax+b$, where $a, b \in \R$ and $a>0$. Show that $G:=\{ f_{a,b} \mid a, b \in \R, a>0\}$ is a group . The group operation is function composition. Steps. Check one by one the followings. The group operation on $G$ is […]

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