Projection to the subspace spanned by a vector
Let $T: \R^3 \to \R^3$ be the linear transformation given by orthogonal projection to the line spanned by $\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
2 \\
2
\end{bmatrix}$.
(a) Find a formula for $T(\mathbf{x})$ for $\mathbf{x}\in \R^3$.
(b) Find a basis for the image subspace of $T$.
(c) Find […]

Compute $A^{10}\mathbf{v}$ Using Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of the Matrix $A$
Let
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
1 & -14 & 4 \\
-1 &6 &-2 \\
-2 & 24 & -7
\end{bmatrix} \quad \text{ and }\quad \mathbf{v}=\begin{bmatrix}
4 \\
-1 \\
-7
\end{bmatrix}.\]
Find $A^{10}\mathbf{v}$.
You may use the following information without proving […]

The Preimage of a Normal Subgroup Under a Group Homomorphism is Normal
Let $G$ and $G'$ be groups and let $f:G \to G'$ be a group homomorphism.
If $H'$ is a normal subgroup of the group $G'$, then show that $H=f^{-1}(H')$ is a normal subgroup of the group $G$.
Proof.
We prove that $H$ is normal in $G$. (The fact that $H$ is a subgroup […]

A Square Root Matrix of a Symmetric Matrix
Answer the following two questions with justification.
(a) Does there exist a $2 \times 2$ matrix $A$ with $A^3=O$ but $A^2 \neq O$? Here $O$ denotes the $2 \times 2$ zero matrix.
(b) Does there exist a $3 \times 3$ real matrix $B$ such that $B^2=A$ […]

Problems and Solutions About Similar Matrices
Let $A, B$, and $C$ be $n \times n$ matrices and $I$ be the $n\times n$ identity matrix.
Prove the following statements.
(a) If $A$ is similar to $B$, then $B$ is similar to $A$.
(b) $A$ is similar to itself.
(c) If $A$ is similar to $B$ and $B$ […]

A Group Homomorphism is Injective if and only if Monic
Let $f:G\to G'$ be a group homomorphism. We say that $f$ is monic whenever we have $fg_1=fg_2$, where $g_1:K\to G$ and $g_2:K \to G$ are group homomorphisms for some group $K$, we have $g_1=g_2$.
Then prove that a group homomorphism $f: G \to G'$ is injective if and only if it is […]

Quiz 13 (Part 2) Find Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a Special Matrix
Find all eigenvalues of the matrix
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
0 & i & i & i \\
i &0 & i & i \\
i & i & 0 & i \\
i & i & i & 0
\end{bmatrix},\]
where $i=\sqrt{-1}$. For each eigenvalue of $A$, determine its algebraic multiplicity and geometric […]

Determine Whether the Following Matrix Invertible. If So Find Its Inverse Matrix.
Let A be the matrix
\[\begin{bmatrix}
1 & -1 & 0 \\
0 &1 &-1 \\
0 & 0 & 1
\end{bmatrix}.\]
Is the matrix $A$ invertible? If not, then explain why it isn’t invertible. If so, then find the inverse.
(The Ohio State University Linear Algebra […]