Are these vectors in the Nullspace of the Matrix?
Let $A=\begin{bmatrix}
1 & 0 & 3 & -2 \\
0 &3 & 1 & 1 \\
1 & 3 & 4 & -1
\end{bmatrix}$. For each of the following vectors, determine whether the vector is in the nullspace $\calN(A)$.
(a) $\begin{bmatrix}
-3 \\
0 \\
1 \\
0
\end{bmatrix}$
[…]

Inverse Matrix Contains Only Integers if and only if the Determinant is $\pm 1$
Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ nonsingular matrix with integer entries.
Prove that the inverse matrix $A^{-1}$ contains only integer entries if and only if $\det(A)=\pm 1$.
Hint.
If $B$ is a square matrix whose entries are integers, then the […]

Rank and Nullity of Linear Transformation From $\R^3$ to $\R^2$
Let $T:\R^3 \to \R^2$ be a linear transformation such that
\[ T(\mathbf{e}_1)=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
0
\end{bmatrix}, T(\mathbf{e}_2)=\begin{bmatrix}
0 \\
1
\end{bmatrix}, T(\mathbf{e}_3)=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
0
\end{bmatrix},\]
where $\mathbf{e}_1, […]

Positive definite Real Symmetric Matrix and its Eigenvalues
A real symmetric $n \times n$ matrix $A$ is called positive definite if
\[\mathbf{x}^{\trans}A\mathbf{x}>0\]
for all nonzero vectors $\mathbf{x}$ in $\R^n$.
(a) Prove that the eigenvalues of a real symmetric positive-definite matrix $A$ are all positive.
(b) Prove that if […]

Solve a Linear Recurrence Relation Using Vector Space Technique
Let $V$ be a real vector space of all real sequences
\[(a_i)_{i=1}^{\infty}=(a_1, a_2, \dots).\]
Let $U$ be a subspace of $V$ defined by
\[U=\{(a_i)_{i=1}^{\infty}\in V \mid a_{n+2}=2a_{n+1}+3a_{n} \text{ for } n=1, 2,\dots \}.\]
Let $T$ be the linear transformation from […]

Describe the Range of the Matrix Using the Definition of the Range
Using the definition of the range of a matrix, describe the range of the matrix
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
2 & 4 & 1 & -5 \\
1 &2 & 1 & -2 \\
1 & 2 & 0 & -3
\end{bmatrix}.\]
Solution.
By definition, the range $\calR(A)$ of the matrix $A$ is given […]

Find a Condition that a Vector be a Linear Combination
Let
\[\mathbf{v}=\begin{bmatrix}
a \\
b \\
c
\end{bmatrix}, \qquad \mathbf{v}_1=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
2 \\
0
\end{bmatrix}, \qquad \mathbf{v}_2=\begin{bmatrix}
2 \\
-1 \\
2
\end{bmatrix}.\]
Find the necessary and […]

Determine a Matrix From Its Eigenvalue
Let
\[A=\begin{bmatrix}
a & -1\\
1& 4
\end{bmatrix}\]
be a $2\times 2$ matrix, where $a$ is some real number.
Suppose that the matrix $A$ has an eigenvalue $3$.
(a) Determine the value of $a$.
(b) Does the matrix $A$ have eigenvalues other than […]