graphs-of-characteristic-polynomials

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Graphs of characteristic polynomials


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  • A Line is a Subspace if and only if its $y$-Intercept is ZeroA Line is a Subspace if and only if its $y$-Intercept is Zero Let $\R^2$ be the $x$-$y$-plane. Then $\R^2$ is a vector space. A line $\ell \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ with slope $m$ and $y$-intercept $b$ is defined by \[ \ell = \{ (x, y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \mid y = mx + b \} .\] Prove that $\ell$ is a subspace of $\mathbb{R}^2$ if and only if $b = […]
  • Two Matrices with the Same Characteristic Polynomial. Diagonalize if Possible.Two Matrices with the Same Characteristic Polynomial. Diagonalize if Possible. Let \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 3 & 3 \\ -3 &-5 &-3 \\ 3 & 3 & 1 \end{bmatrix} \text{ and } B=\begin{bmatrix} 2 & 4 & 3 \\ -4 &-6 &-3 \\ 3 & 3 & 1 \end{bmatrix}.\] For this problem, you may use the fact that both matrices have the same characteristic […]
  • Group of Invertible Matrices Over a Finite Field and its StabilizerGroup of Invertible Matrices Over a Finite Field and its Stabilizer Let $\F_p$ be the finite field of $p$ elements, where $p$ is a prime number. Let $G_n=\GL_n(\F_p)$ be the group of $n\times n$ invertible matrices with entries in the field $\F_p$. As usual in linear algebra, we may regard the elements of $G_n$ as linear transformations on $\F_p^n$, […]
  • If the Matrix Product $AB=0$, then is $BA=0$ as Well?If the Matrix Product $AB=0$, then is $BA=0$ as Well? Let $A$ and $B$ be $n\times n$ matrices. Suppose that the matrix product $AB=O$, where $O$ is the $n\times n$ zero matrix. Is it true that the matrix product with opposite order $BA$ is also the zero matrix? If so, give a proof. If not, give a […]
  • Is the Product of a Nilpotent Matrix and an Invertible Matrix Nilpotent?Is the Product of a Nilpotent Matrix and an Invertible Matrix Nilpotent? A square matrix $A$ is called nilpotent if there exists a positive integer $k$ such that $A^k=O$, where $O$ is the zero matrix. (a) If $A$ is a nilpotent $n \times n$ matrix and $B$ is an $n\times n$ matrix such that $AB=BA$. Show that the product $AB$ is nilpotent. (b) Let $P$ […]
  • Transpose of a Matrix and Eigenvalues and Related QuestionsTranspose of a Matrix and Eigenvalues and Related Questions Let $A$ be an $n \times n$ real matrix. Prove the followings. (a) The matrix $AA^{\trans}$ is a symmetric matrix. (b) The set of eigenvalues of $A$ and the set of eigenvalues of $A^{\trans}$ are equal. (c) The matrix $AA^{\trans}$ is non-negative definite. (An $n\times n$ […]
  • Every Maximal Ideal of a Commutative Ring is a Prime IdealEvery Maximal Ideal of a Commutative Ring is a Prime Ideal Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unity. Then show that every maximal ideal of $R$ is a prime ideal.   We give two proofs. Proof 1. The first proof uses the following facts. Fact 1. An ideal $I$ of $R$ is a prime ideal if and only if $R/I$ is an integral […]
  • If a Subgroup Contains a Sylow Subgroup, then the Normalizer is the Subgroup itselfIf a Subgroup Contains a Sylow Subgroup, then the Normalizer is the Subgroup itself Let $G$ be a finite group and $P$ be a nontrivial Sylow subgroup of $G$. Let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$ containing the normalizer $N_G(P)$ of $P$ in $G$. Then show that $N_G(H)=H$.   Hint. Use the conjugate part of the Sylow theorem. See the second statement of the […]

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