graphs-of-characteristic-polynomials

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Graphs of characteristic polynomials


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  • Linear Transformation and a Basis of the Vector Space $\R^3$Linear Transformation and a Basis of the Vector Space $\R^3$ Let $T$ be a linear transformation from the vector space $\R^3$ to $\R^3$. Suppose that $k=3$ is the smallest positive integer such that $T^k=\mathbf{0}$ (the zero linear transformation) and suppose that we have $\mathbf{x}\in \R^3$ such that $T^2\mathbf{x}\neq \mathbf{0}$. Show […]
  • Every Basis of a Subspace Has the Same Number of VectorsEvery Basis of a Subspace Has the Same Number of Vectors Let $V$ be a subspace of $\R^n$. Suppose that $B=\{\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2, \dots, \mathbf{v}_k\}$ is a basis of the subspace $V$. Prove that every basis of $V$ consists of $k$ vectors in $V$.   Hint. You may use the following fact: Fact. If […]
  • A Matrix Representation of a Linear Transformation and Related SubspacesA Matrix Representation of a Linear Transformation and Related Subspaces Let $T:\R^4 \to \R^3$ be a linear transformation defined by \[ T\left (\, \begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \\ x_3 \\ x_4 \end{bmatrix} \,\right) = \begin{bmatrix} x_1+2x_2+3x_3-x_4 \\ 3x_1+5x_2+8x_3-2x_4 \\ x_1+x_2+2x_3 \end{bmatrix}.\] (a) Find a matrix $A$ such that […]
  • Restriction of a Linear Transformation on the x-z Plane is a Linear TransformationRestriction of a Linear Transformation on the x-z Plane is a Linear Transformation Let $T:\R^3 \to \R^3$ be a linear transformation and suppose that its matrix representation with respect to the standard basis is given by the matrix \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 &3 &0 \\ 4 & 0 & 5 \end{bmatrix}.\] (a) Prove that the linear transformation […]
  • Find a Linear Transformation Whose Image (Range) is a Given SubspaceFind a Linear Transformation Whose Image (Range) is a Given Subspace Let $V$ be the subspace of $\R^4$ defined by the equation \[x_1-x_2+2x_3+6x_4=0.\] Find a linear transformation $T$ from $\R^3$ to $\R^4$ such that the null space $\calN(T)=\{\mathbf{0}\}$ and the range $\calR(T)=V$. Describe $T$ by its matrix […]
  • A Line is a Subspace if and only if its $y$-Intercept is ZeroA Line is a Subspace if and only if its $y$-Intercept is Zero Let $\R^2$ be the $x$-$y$-plane. Then $\R^2$ is a vector space. A line $\ell \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ with slope $m$ and $y$-intercept $b$ is defined by \[ \ell = \{ (x, y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \mid y = mx + b \} .\] Prove that $\ell$ is a subspace of $\mathbb{R}^2$ if and only if $b = […]
  • Inner Product, Norm, and Orthogonal VectorsInner Product, Norm, and Orthogonal Vectors Let $\mathbf{u}_1, \mathbf{u}_2, \mathbf{u}_3$ are vectors in $\R^n$. Suppose that vectors $\mathbf{u}_1$, $\mathbf{u}_2$ are orthogonal and the norm of $\mathbf{u}_2$ is $4$ and $\mathbf{u}_2^{\trans}\mathbf{u}_3=7$. Find the value of the real number $a$ in […]
  • Injective Group Homomorphism that does not have Inverse HomomorphismInjective Group Homomorphism that does not have Inverse Homomorphism Let $A=B=\Z$ be the additive group of integers. Define a map $\phi: A\to B$ by sending $n$ to $2n$ for any integer $n\in A$. (a) Prove that $\phi$ is a group homomorphism. (b) Prove that $\phi$ is injective. (c) Prove that there does not exist a group homomorphism $\psi:B […]

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