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Purdue University Abstract Algebra Exam Problems and Solutions


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  • Is the Set of All Orthogonal Matrices a Vector Space?Is the Set of All Orthogonal Matrices a Vector Space? An $n\times n$ matrix $A$ is called orthogonal if $A^{\trans}A=I$. Let $V$ be the vector space of all real $2\times 2$ matrices. Consider the subset \[W:=\{A\in V \mid \text{$A$ is an orthogonal matrix}\}.\] Prove or disprove that $W$ is a subspace of […]
  • Group Generated by Commutators of Two Normal Subgroups is a Normal SubgroupGroup Generated by Commutators of Two Normal Subgroups is a Normal Subgroup Let $G$ be a group and $H$ and $K$ be subgroups of $G$. For $h \in H$, and $k \in K$, we define the commutator $[h, k]:=hkh^{-1}k^{-1}$. Let $[H,K]$ be a subgroup of $G$ generated by all such commutators. Show that if $H$ and $K$ are normal subgroups of $G$, then the subgroup […]
  • The Inverse Matrix of the Transpose is the Transpose of the Inverse MatrixThe Inverse Matrix of the Transpose is the Transpose of the Inverse Matrix Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ invertible matrix. Then prove the transpose $A^{\trans}$ is also invertible and that the inverse matrix of the transpose $A^{\trans}$ is the transpose of the inverse matrix $A^{-1}$. Namely, show […]
  • Every Integral Domain Artinian Ring is a FieldEvery Integral Domain Artinian Ring is a Field Let $R$ be a ring with $1$. Suppose that $R$ is an integral domain and an Artinian ring. Prove that $R$ is a field.   Definition (Artinian ring). A ring $R$ is called Artinian if it satisfies the defending chain condition on ideals. That is, whenever we have […]
  • The Quotient Ring $\Z[i]/I$ is Finite for a Nonzero Ideal of the Ring of Gaussian IntegersThe Quotient Ring $\Z[i]/I$ is Finite for a Nonzero Ideal of the Ring of Gaussian Integers Let $I$ be a nonzero ideal of the ring of Gaussian integers $\Z[i]$. Prove that the quotient ring $\Z[i]/I$ is finite. Proof. Recall that the ring of Gaussian integers is a Euclidean Domain with respect to the norm \[N(a+bi)=a^2+b^2\] for $a+bi\in \Z[i]$. In particular, […]
  • Centralizer, Normalizer, and Center of the Dihedral Group $D_{8}$Centralizer, Normalizer, and Center of the Dihedral Group $D_{8}$ Let $D_8$ be the dihedral group of order $8$. Using the generators and relations, we have \[D_{8}=\langle r,s \mid r^4=s^2=1, sr=r^{-1}s\rangle.\] (a) Let $A$ be the subgroup of $D_8$ generated by $r$, that is, $A=\{1,r,r^2,r^3\}$. Prove that the centralizer […]
  • Solve a System by the Inverse Matrix and Compute $A^{2017}\mathbf{x}$Solve a System by the Inverse Matrix and Compute $A^{2017}\mathbf{x}$ Let $A$ be the coefficient matrix of the system of linear equations \begin{align*} -x_1-2x_2&=1\\ 2x_1+3x_2&=-1. \end{align*} (a) Solve the system by finding the inverse matrix $A^{-1}$. (b) Let $\mathbf{x}=\begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \end{bmatrix}$ be the solution […]
  • Explicit Field Isomorphism of Finite FieldsExplicit Field Isomorphism of Finite Fields (a) Let $f_1(x)$ and $f_2(x)$ be irreducible polynomials over a finite field $\F_p$, where $p$ is a prime number. Suppose that $f_1(x)$ and $f_2(x)$ have the same degrees. Then show that fields $\F_p[x]/(f_1(x))$ and $\F_p[x]/(f_2(x))$ are isomorphic. (b) Show that the polynomials […]

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