Is the Derivative Linear Transformation Diagonalizable?
Let $\mathrm{P}_2$ denote the vector space of polynomials of degree $2$ or less, and let $T : \mathrm{P}_2 \rightarrow \mathrm{P}_2$ be the derivative linear transformation, defined by
\[ T( ax^2 + bx + c ) = 2ax + b . \]
Is $T$ diagonalizable? If so, find a diagonal matrix which […]

Three Equivalent Conditions for an Ideal is Prime in a PID
Let $R$ be a principal ideal domain. Let $a\in R$ be a nonzero, non-unit element. Show that the following are equivalent.
(1) The ideal $(a)$ generated by $a$ is maximal.
(2) The ideal $(a)$ is prime.
(3) The element $a$ is irreducible.
Proof.
(1) $\implies$ […]

A Recursive Relationship for a Power of a Matrix
Suppose that the $2 \times 2$ matrix $A$ has eigenvalues $4$ and $-2$. For each integer $n \geq 1$, there are real numbers $b_n , c_n$ which satisfy the relation
\[ A^{n} = b_n A + c_n I , \]
where $I$ is the identity matrix.
Find $b_n$ and $c_n$ for $2 \leq n \leq 5$, and […]

Find the Rank of the Matrix $A+I$ if Eigenvalues of $A$ are $1, 2, 3, 4, 5$
Let $A$ be an $n$ by $n$ matrix with entries in complex numbers $\C$. Its only eigenvalues are $1,2,3,4,5$, possibly with multiplicities. What is the rank of the matrix $A+I_n$, where $I_n$ is the identity $n$ by $n$ matrix.
(UCB-University of California, Berkeley, […]

The Range and Null Space of the Zero Transformation of Vector Spaces
Let $U$ and $V$ be vector spaces over a scalar field $\F$.
Define the map $T:U\to V$ by $T(\mathbf{u})=\mathbf{0}_V$ for each vector $\mathbf{u}\in U$.
(a) Prove that $T:U\to V$ is a linear transformation.
(Hence, $T$ is called the zero transformation.)
(b) Determine […]

Find the Nullity of the Matrix $A+I$ if Eigenvalues are $1, 2, 3, 4, 5$
Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ matrix. Its only eigenvalues are $1, 2, 3, 4, 5$, possibly with multiplicities.
What is the nullity of the matrix $A+I_n$, where $I_n$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix?
(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Final Exam […]