Let $E$ be the event that a smartphone of this model is defective. Let $F_A$ be the event that a smartphone is manufactured by factory A. Similarly for $F_B$ and $F_C$.
Then the overall fraction of defective smartphones of this model can be found as follows.
P(E) &= P(F_A \cap E) + P(F_B \cap E) + P(F_C \cap E)\\
&= P(F_A)\cdot P(E \mid F_A) + P(F_B)\cdot P(E \mid F_B) + P(F_C)\cdot P(E \mid F_C)\\
&= (0.6)(0.05) + (0.25)(0.02) + (0.15)(0.07)\\
Thus, the overall defective rate is $4.55\%$.
Conditional Probability Problems about Die Rolling
A fair six-sided die is rolled.
(1) What is the conditional probability that the die lands on a prime number given the die lands on an odd number?
(2) What is the conditional probability that the die lands on 1 given the die lands on a prime number?
Let $E$ […]
Complement of Independent Events are Independent
Let $E$ and $F$ be independent events. Let $F^c$ be the complement of $F$.
Prove that $E$ and $F^c$ are independent as well.
Note that $E\cap F$ and $E \cap F^c$ are disjoint and $E = (E \cap F) \cup (E \cap F^c)$. It follows that
\[P(E) = P(E \cap F) + P(E […]
Jewelry Company Quality Test Failure Probability
A jewelry company requires for its products to pass three tests before they are sold at stores. For gold rings, 90 % passes the first test, 85 % passes the second test, and 80 % passes the third test. If a product fails any test, the product is thrown away and it will not take the […]
Independent Events of Playing Cards
A card is chosen randomly from a deck of the standard 52 playing cards.
Let $E$ be the event that the selected card is a king and let $F$ be the event that it is a heart.
Prove or disprove that the events $E$ and $F$ are independent.
Definition of Independence
Independent and Dependent Events of Three Coins Tossing
Suppose that three fair coins are tossed. Let $H_1$ be the event that the first coin lands heads and let $H_2$ be the event that the second coin lands heads. Also, let $E$ be the event that exactly two coins lands heads in a row.
For each pair of these events, determine whether […]
Pick Two Balls from a Box, What is the Probability Both are Red?
There are three blue balls and two red balls in a box.
When we randomly pick two balls out of the box without replacement, what is the probability that both of the balls are red?
Let $R_1$ be the event that the first ball is red and $R_2$ be the event that the […]
Probability Problems about Two Dice
Two fair and distinguishable six-sided dice are rolled.
(1) What is the probability that the sum of the upturned faces will equal $5$?
(2) What is the probability that the outcome of the second die is strictly greater than the first die?
The sample space $S$ is […]