Subspaces of Symmetric, Skew-Symmetric Matrices

Problem 143

Let $V$ be the vector space over $\R$ consisting of all $n\times n$ real matrices for some fixed integer $n$. Prove or disprove that the following subsets of $V$ are subspaces of $V$.

(a) The set $S$ consisting of all $n\times n$ symmetric matrices.

(b) The set $T$ consisting of all $n \times n$ skew-symmetric matrices.

(c) The set $U$ consisting of all $n\times n$ nonsingular matrices.

 
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Find a Value of a Linear Transformation From $\R^2$ to $\R^3$

Problem 142

Let $T:\R^2 \to \R^3$ be a linear transformation such that $T(\mathbf{e}_1)=\mathbf{u}_1$ and $T(\mathbf{e}_2)=\mathbf{u}_2$, where $\mathbf{e}_1=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
0
\end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{e}_2=\begin{bmatrix}
0 \\
1
\end{bmatrix}$ are unit vectors of $\R^2$ and
\[\mathbf{u}_1= \begin{bmatrix}
-1 \\
0 \\
1
\end{bmatrix}, \quad \mathbf{u}_2=\begin{bmatrix}
2 \\
1 \\
0
\end{bmatrix}.\] Then find $T\left(\begin{bmatrix}
3 \\
-2
\end{bmatrix}\right)$.

 
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Linear Independent Vectors and the Vector Space Spanned By Them

Problem 141

Let $V$ be a vector space over a field $K$. Let $\mathbf{u}_1, \mathbf{u}_2, \dots, \mathbf{u}_n$ be linearly independent vectors in $V$. Let $U$ be the subspace of $V$ spanned by these vectors, that is, $U=\Span \{\mathbf{u}_1, \mathbf{u}_2, \dots, \mathbf{u}_n\}$.
Let $\mathbf{u}_{n+1}\in V$. Show that $\mathbf{u}_1, \mathbf{u}_2, \dots, \mathbf{u}_n, \mathbf{u}_{n+1}$ are linearly independent if and only if $\mathbf{u}_{n+1} \not \in U$.

 
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Find a Basis and the Dimension of the Subspace of the 4-Dimensional Vector Space

Problem 131

Let $V$ be the following subspace of the $4$-dimensional vector space $\R^4$.
\[V:=\left\{ \quad\begin{bmatrix}
x_1 \\
x_2 \\
x_3 \\
x_4
\end{bmatrix} \in \R^4
\quad \middle| \quad
x_1-x_2+x_3-x_4=0 \quad\right\}.\] Find a basis of the subspace $V$ and its dimension.

 
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