## Column Vectors of an Upper Triangular Matrix with Nonzero Diagonal Entries are Linearly Independent

## Problem 654

Suppose $M$ is an $n \times n$ upper-triangular matrix.

If the diagonal entries of $M$ are all non-zero, then prove that the column vectors are linearly independent.

Does the conclusion hold if we do not assume that $M$ has non-zero diagonal entries?

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