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Prime numbers less than one million

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- Mathematics About the Number 2018 Happy New Year 2018!!
Here are several mathematical facts about the number 2018.
Is 2018 a Prime Number?
The number 2018 is an even number, so in particular 2018 is not a prime number.
The prime factorization of 2018 is
\[2018=2\cdot 1009.\]
Here $2$ and $1009$ are […]
- Even Perfect Numbers and Mersenne Prime Numbers
Prove that if $2^n-1$ is a Mersenne prime number, then
\[N=2^{n-1}(2^n-1)\]
is a perfect number.
On the other hand, prove that every even perfect number $N$ can be written as $N=2^{n-1}(2^n-1)$ for some Mersenne prime number $2^n-1$.
Definitions.
In this post, a […]
- A Simple Abelian Group if and only if the Order is a Prime Number
Let $G$ be a group. (Do not assume that $G$ is a finite group.)
Prove that $G$ is a simple abelian group if and only if the order of $G$ is a prime number.
Definition.
A group $G$ is called simple if $G$ is a nontrivial group and the only normal subgroups of $G$ is […]
- A Rational Root of a Monic Polynomial with Integer Coefficients is an Integer
Suppose that $\alpha$ is a rational root of a monic polynomial $f(x)$ in $\Z[x]$.
Prove that $\alpha$ is an integer.
Proof.
Suppose that $\alpha=\frac{p}{q}$ is a rational number in lowest terms, that is, $p$ and $q$ are relatively prime […]
- Polynomial $x^4-2x-1$ is Irreducible Over the Field of Rational Numbers $\Q$
Show that the polynomial
\[f(x)=x^4-2x-1\]
is irreducible over the field of rational numbers $\Q$.
Proof.
We use the fact that $f(x)$ is irreducible over $\Q$ if and only if $f(x+a)$ is irreducible for any $a\in \Q$.
We prove that the polynomial $f(x+1)$ is […]
- Sylow Subgroups of a Group of Order 33 is Normal Subgroups
Prove that any $p$-Sylow subgroup of a group $G$ of order $33$ is a normal subgroup of $G$.
Hint.
We use Sylow's theorem. Review the basic terminologies and Sylow's theorem.
Recall that if there is only one $p$-Sylow subgroup $P$ of $G$ for a fixed prime $p$, then $P$ […]
- Normal Subgroups, Isomorphic Quotients, But Not Isomorphic
Let $G$ be a group. Suppose that $H_1, H_2, N_1, N_2$ are all normal subgroup of $G$, $H_1 \lhd N_2$, and $H_2 \lhd N_2$.
Suppose also that $N_1/H_1$ is isomorphic to $N_2/H_2$. Then prove or disprove that $N_1$ is isomorphic to $N_2$.
Proof.
We give a […]
- $\sqrt[m]{2}$ is an Irrational Number
Prove that $\sqrt[m]{2}$ is an irrational number for any integer $m \geq 2$.
Hint.
Use ring theory:
Consider the polynomial $f(x)=x^m-2$.
Apply Eisenstein's criterion, show that $f(x)$ is irreducible over $\Q$.
Proof.
Consider the monic polynomial […]