# primes

by Yu ·

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Prime numbers less than one million

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- Mathematics About the Number 2018 Happy New Year 2018!! Here are several mathematical facts about the number 2018. Is 2018 a Prime Number? The number 2018 is an even number, so in particular 2018 is not a prime number. The prime factorization of 2018 is \[2018=2\cdot 1009.\] Here $2$ and $1009$ are […]
- Even Perfect Numbers and Mersenne Prime Numbers Prove that if $2^n-1$ is a Mersenne prime number, then \[N=2^{n-1}(2^n-1)\] is a perfect number. On the other hand, prove that every even perfect number $N$ can be written as $N=2^{n-1}(2^n-1)$ for some Mersenne prime number $2^n-1$. Definitions. In this post, a […]
- A Simple Abelian Group if and only if the Order is a Prime Number Let $G$ be a group. (Do not assume that $G$ is a finite group.) Prove that $G$ is a simple abelian group if and only if the order of $G$ is a prime number. Definition. A group $G$ is called simple if $G$ is a nontrivial group and the only normal subgroups of $G$ is […]
- A Rational Root of a Monic Polynomial with Integer Coefficients is an Integer Suppose that $\alpha$ is a rational root of a monic polynomial $f(x)$ in $\Z[x]$. Prove that $\alpha$ is an integer. Proof. Suppose that $\alpha=\frac{p}{q}$ is a rational number in lowest terms, that is, $p$ and $q$ are relatively prime […]
- Polynomial $x^4-2x-1$ is Irreducible Over the Field of Rational Numbers $\Q$ Show that the polynomial \[f(x)=x^4-2x-1\] is irreducible over the field of rational numbers $\Q$. Proof. We use the fact that $f(x)$ is irreducible over $\Q$ if and only if $f(x+a)$ is irreducible for any $a\in \Q$. We prove that the polynomial $f(x+1)$ is […]
- Sylow Subgroups of a Group of Order 33 is Normal Subgroups Prove that any $p$-Sylow subgroup of a group $G$ of order $33$ is a normal subgroup of $G$. Hint. We use Sylow's theorem. Review the basic terminologies and Sylow's theorem. Recall that if there is only one $p$-Sylow subgroup $P$ of $G$ for a fixed prime $p$, then $P$ […]
- Normal Subgroups, Isomorphic Quotients, But Not Isomorphic Let $G$ be a group. Suppose that $H_1, H_2, N_1, N_2$ are all normal subgroup of $G$, $H_1 \lhd N_2$, and $H_2 \lhd N_2$. Suppose also that $N_1/H_1$ is isomorphic to $N_2/H_2$. Then prove or disprove that $N_1$ is isomorphic to $N_2$. Proof. We give a […]
- $\sqrt[m]{2}$ is an Irrational Number Prove that $\sqrt[m]{2}$ is an irrational number for any integer $m \geq 2$. Hint. Use ring theory: Consider the polynomial $f(x)=x^m-2$. Apply Eisenstein's criterion, show that $f(x)$ is irreducible over $\Q$. Proof. Consider the monic polynomial […]