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Abelian Group problems and solutions


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  • Matrices Satisfying $HF-FH=-2F$Matrices Satisfying $HF-FH=-2F$ Let $F$ and $H$ be an $n\times n$ matrices satisfying the relation \[HF-FH=-2F.\] (a) Find the trace of the matrix $F$. (b) Let $\lambda$ be an eigenvalue of $H$ and let $\mathbf{v}$ be an eigenvector corresponding to $\lambda$. Show that there exists an positive integer $N$ […]
  • Is an Eigenvector of a Matrix an Eigenvector of its Inverse?Is an Eigenvector of a Matrix an Eigenvector of its Inverse? Suppose that $A$ is an $n \times n$ matrix with eigenvalue $\lambda$ and corresponding eigenvector $\mathbf{v}$. (a) If $A$ is invertible, is $\mathbf{v}$ an eigenvector of $A^{-1}$? If so, what is the corresponding eigenvalue? If not, explain why not. (b) Is $3\mathbf{v}$ an […]
  • Subspace of Skew-Symmetric Matrices and Its DimensionSubspace of Skew-Symmetric Matrices and Its Dimension Let $V$ be the vector space of all $2\times 2$ matrices. Let $W$ be a subset of $V$ consisting of all $2\times 2$ skew-symmetric matrices. (Recall that a matrix $A$ is skew-symmetric if $A^{\trans}=-A$.) (a) Prove that the subset $W$ is a subspace of $V$. (b) Find the […]
  • A Subgroup of Index a Prime $p$ of a Group of Order $p^n$ is NormalA Subgroup of Index a Prime $p$ of a Group of Order $p^n$ is Normal Let $G$ be a finite group of order $p^n$, where $p$ is a prime number and $n$ is a positive integer. Suppose that $H$ is a subgroup of $G$ with index $[G:P]=p$. Then prove that $H$ is a normal subgroup of $G$. (Michigan State University, Abstract Algebra Qualifying […]
  • The Inverse Matrix of an Upper Triangular Matrix with VariablesThe Inverse Matrix of an Upper Triangular Matrix with Variables Let $A$ be the following $3\times 3$ upper triangular matrix. \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & x & y \\ 0 &1 &z \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix},\] where $x, y, z$ are some real numbers. Determine whether the matrix $A$ is invertible or not. If it is invertible, then find […]
  • Find the Dimension of the Subspace of Vectors Perpendicular to Given VectorsFind the Dimension of the Subspace of Vectors Perpendicular to Given Vectors Let $V$ be a subset of $\R^4$ consisting of vectors that are perpendicular to vectors $\mathbf{a}, \mathbf{b}$ and $\mathbf{c}$, where \[\mathbf{a}=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \\ 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}, \quad \mathbf{b}=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 1 […]
  • The Preimage of Prime ideals are Prime IdealsThe Preimage of Prime ideals are Prime Ideals Let $f: R\to R'$ be a ring homomorphism. Let $P$ be a prime ideal of the ring $R'$. Prove that the preimage $f^{-1}(P)$ is a prime ideal of $R$.   Proof. The preimage of an ideal by a ring homomorphism is an ideal. (See the post "The inverse image of an ideal by […]
  • An Example of a Matrix that Cannot Be a CommutatorAn Example of a Matrix that Cannot Be a Commutator Let $I$ be the $2\times 2$ identity matrix. Then prove that $-I$ cannot be a commutator $[A, B]:=ABA^{-1}B^{-1}$ for any $2\times 2$ matrices $A$ and $B$ with determinant $1$.   Proof. Assume that $[A, B]=-I$. Then $ABA^{-1}B^{-1}=-I$ implies \[ABA^{-1}=-B. […]

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