Tagged: conditional probability

Probability that Three Pieces Form a Triangle

Problem 754

We have a stick of a unit length. Two points on the stick will be selected randomly (uniformly along the length of the stick) and independently. Then we break the stick at these two points so that we get three pieces of the stick. What is the probability that these three pieces form a triangle?

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Probability that Alice Tossed a Coin Three Times If Alice and Bob Tossed Totally 7 Times

Problem 752

Alice tossed a fair coin until a head occurred. Then Bob tossed the coin until a head occurred. Suppose that the total number of tosses for Alice and Bob was $7$.

Assuming that each toss is independent of each other, what is the probability that Alice tossed the coin exactly three times?

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Find the Conditional Probability About Math Exam Experiment

Problem 740

A researcher conducted the following experiment. Students were grouped into two groups. The students in the first group had more than 6 hours of sleep and took a math exam. The students in the second group had less than 6 hours of sleep and took the same math exam.

The pass rate of the first group was twice as big as the second group. Suppose that $60\%$ of the students were in the first group. What is the probability that a randomly selected student belongs to the first group if the student passed the exam?

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What is the Probability that Selected Coin was Two-Headed?

Problem 739

There are three coins in a box. The first coin is two-headed. The second one is a fair coin. The third one is a biased coin that comes up heads $75\%$ of the time. When one of the three coins was picked at random from the box and tossed, it landed heads.

What is the probability that the selected coin was the two-headed coin?

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If a Smartphone is Defective, Which Factory Made It?

Problem 738

A certain model of smartphone is manufactured by three factories A, B, and C. Factories A, B, and C produce $60\%$, $25\%$, and $15\%$ of the smartphones, respectively. Suppose that their defective rates are $5\%$, $2\%$, and $7\%$, respectively.

If a smartphone of this model is found out to be detective, what is the probability that this smartphone was manufactured in factory C?

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Probability of Having Lung Cancer For Smokers

Problem 736

Let $C$ be the event that a randomly chosen person has lung cancer. Let $S$ be the event of a person being a smoker.
Suppose that 10% of the population has lung cancer and 20% of the population are smokers. Also, suppose that we know that 70% of all people who have lung cancer are smokers.

Then determine the probability of a person having lung cancer given that the person is a smoker.

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Jewelry Company Quality Test Failure Probability

Problem 731

A jewelry company requires for its products to pass three tests before they are sold at stores. For gold rings, 90 % passes the first test, 85 % passes the second test, and 80 % passes the third test. If a product fails any test, the product is thrown away and it will not take the subsequent tests. If a gold ring failed to pass one of the tests, what is the probability that it failed the second test?

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