Tagged: differential equation

Solving a System of Differential Equation by Finding Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors

Problem 668

Consider the system of differential equations
\frac{\mathrm{d} x_1(t)}{\mathrm{d}t} & = 2 x_1(t) -x_2(t) -x_3(t)\\
\frac{\mathrm{d}x_2(t)}{\mathrm{d}t} & = -x_1(t)+2x_2(t) -x_3(t)\\
\frac{\mathrm{d}x_3(t)}{\mathrm{d}t} & = -x_1(t) -x_2(t) +2x_3(t)

(a) Express the system in the matrix form.

(b) Find the general solution of the system.

(c) Find the solution of the system with the initial value $x_1=0, x_2=1, x_3=5$.

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Solve the Linear Dynamical System $\frac{\mathrm{d}\mathbf{x}}{\mathrm{d}t} =A\mathbf{x}$ by Diagonalization

Problem 667

(a) Find all solutions of the linear dynamical system
\[\frac{\mathrm{d}\mathbf{x}}{\mathrm{d}t} =\begin{bmatrix}
1 & 0\\
0& 3
\end{bmatrix}\mathbf{x},\] where $\mathbf{x}(t)=\mathbf{x}=\begin{bmatrix}
x_1 \\
\end{bmatrix}$ is a function of the variable $t$.

(b) Solve the linear dynamical system
2 & -1\\
-1& 2
\end{bmatrix}\mathbf{x}\] with the initial value $\mathbf{x}(0)=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\

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