# Tagged: imaginary number

## Problem 689

For this problem, use the complex vectors
$\mathbf{w}_1 = \begin{bmatrix} 1 + i \\ 1 – i \\ 0 \end{bmatrix} , \, \mathbf{w}_2 = \begin{bmatrix} -i \\ 0 \\ 2 – i \end{bmatrix} , \, \mathbf{w}_3 = \begin{bmatrix} 2+i \\ 1 – 3i \\ 2i \end{bmatrix} .$

Suppose $\mathbf{w}_4$ is another complex vector which is orthogonal to both $\mathbf{w}_2$ and $\mathbf{w}_3$, and satisfies $\mathbf{w}_1 \cdot \mathbf{w}_4 = 2i$ and $\| \mathbf{w}_4 \| = 3$.

Calculate the following expressions:

(a) $\mathbf{w}_1 \cdot \mathbf{w}_2$.

(b) $\mathbf{w}_1 \cdot \mathbf{w}_3$.

(c) $((2+i)\mathbf{w}_1 – (1+i)\mathbf{w}_2 ) \cdot \mathbf{w}_4$.

(d) $\| \mathbf{w}_1 \| , \| \mathbf{w}_2 \|$, and $\| \mathbf{w}_3 \|$.

(e) $\| 3 \mathbf{w}_4 \|$.

(f) What is the distance between $\mathbf{w}_2$ and $\mathbf{w}_3$?

## Problem 316

Let $n$ be an odd positive integer.
Determine whether there exists an $n \times n$ real matrix $A$ such that
$A^2+I=O,$ where $I$ is the $n \times n$ identity matrix and $O$ is the $n \times n$ zero matrix.

If such a matrix $A$ exists, find an example. If not, prove that there is no such $A$.

How about when $n$ is an even positive number?