# Tagged: magnitude of a vector

## Problem 687

For this problem, use the real vectors
$\mathbf{v}_1 = \begin{bmatrix} -1 \\ 0 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix} , \mathbf{v}_2 = \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 2 \\ -3 \end{bmatrix} , \mathbf{v}_3 = \begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ 2 \\ 3 \end{bmatrix} .$ Suppose that $\mathbf{v}_4$ is another vector which is orthogonal to $\mathbf{v}_1$ and $\mathbf{v}_3$, and satisfying
$\mathbf{v}_2 \cdot \mathbf{v}_4 = -3 .$

Calculate the following expressions:

(a) $\mathbf{v}_1 \cdot \mathbf{v}_2$.

(b) $\mathbf{v}_3 \cdot \mathbf{v}_4$.

(c) $( 2 \mathbf{v}_1 + 3 \mathbf{v}_2 – \mathbf{v}_3 ) \cdot \mathbf{v}_4$.

(d) $\| \mathbf{v}_1 \| , \, \| \mathbf{v}_2 \| , \, \| \mathbf{v}_3 \|$.

(e) What is the distance between $\mathbf{v}_1$ and $\mathbf{v}_2$?

## Problem 381

Consider the matrix
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 3/2 & 2\\ -1& -3/2 \end{bmatrix} \in M_{2\times 2}(\R).$

(a) Find the eigenvalues and corresponding eigenvectors of $A$.

(b) Show that for $\mathbf{v}=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}\in \R^2$, we can choose $n$ large enough so that the length $\|A^n\mathbf{v}\|$ is as small as we like.

(University of California, Berkeley, Linear Algebra Final Exam Problem)

## Problem 162

Let $\mathbf{u}_1, \mathbf{u}_2, \mathbf{u}_3$ are vectors in $\R^n$. Suppose that vectors $\mathbf{u}_1$, $\mathbf{u}_2$ are orthogonal and the norm of $\mathbf{u}_2$ is $4$ and $\mathbf{u}_2^{\trans}\mathbf{u}_3=7$. Find the value of the real number $a$ in $\mathbf{u_1}=\mathbf{u_2}+a\mathbf{u}_3$.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Exam Problem)

Let $A_1, A_2, \dots, A_m$ be $n\times n$ Hermitian matrices. Show that if
$A_1^2+A_2^2+\cdots+A_m^2=\calO,$ where $\calO$ is the $n \times n$ zero matrix, then we have $A_i=\calO$ for each $i=1,2, \dots, m$.