Tagged: matrix operations

Matrix Operations with Transpose

Problem 636

Calculate the following expressions, using the following matrices:
\[A = \begin{bmatrix} 2 & 3 \\ -5 & 1 \end{bmatrix}, \qquad B = \begin{bmatrix} 0 & -1 \\ 1 & -1 \end{bmatrix}, \qquad \mathbf{v} = \begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ -4 \end{bmatrix}\]

(a) $A B^\trans + \mathbf{v} \mathbf{v}^\trans$.

(b) $A \mathbf{v} – 2 \mathbf{v}$.

(c) $\mathbf{v}^{\trans} B$.

(d) $\mathbf{v}^\trans \mathbf{v} + \mathbf{v}^\trans B A^\trans \mathbf{v}$.

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If $A$ is an Idempotent Matrix, then When $I-kA$ is an Idempotent Matrix?

Problem 426

A square matrix $A$ is called idempotent if $A^2=A$.

(a) Suppose $A$ is an $n \times n$ idempotent matrix and let $I$ be the $n\times n$ identity matrix. Prove that the matrix $I-A$ is an idempotent matrix.

(b) Assume that $A$ is an $n\times n$ nonzero idempotent matrix. Then determine all integers $k$ such that the matrix $I-kA$ is idempotent.

(c) Let $A$ and $B$ be $n\times n$ matrices satisfying
\[AB=A \text{ and } BA=B.\] Then prove that $A$ is an idempotent matrix.

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