# Tagged: minor matrix

## Problem 547

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ nonsingular matrix with integer entries.

Prove that the inverse matrix $A^{-1}$ contains only integer entries if and only if $\det(A)=\pm 1$.

## Problem 546

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ matrix.

The $(i, j)$ cofactor $C_{ij}$ of $A$ is defined to be
$C_{ij}=(-1)^{ij}\det(M_{ij}),$ where $M_{ij}$ is the $(i,j)$ minor matrix obtained from $A$ removing the $i$-th row and $j$-th column.

Then consider the $n\times n$ matrix $C=(C_{ij})$, and define the $n\times n$ matrix $\Adj(A)=C^{\trans}$.
The matrix $\Adj(A)$ is called the adjoint matrix of $A$.

When $A$ is invertible, then its inverse can be obtained by the formula

$A^{-1}=\frac{1}{\det(A)}\Adj(A).$

For each of the following matrices, determine whether it is invertible, and if so, then find the invertible matrix using the above formula.

(a) $A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 5 & 2 \\ 0 &-1 &2 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$.

(b) $B=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 &1 &4 \\ 3 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$.

## Problem 45

Calculate the determinants of the following $n\times n$ matrices.
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 &1 \\ 1 & 1 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ \vdots & \vdots & \vdots & \dots & \dots & \ddots & \vdots \\ 0 & 0 & 0 &\dots & 1 & 1 & 0\\ 0 & 0 & 0 &\dots & 0 & 1 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$

The entries of $A$ is $1$ at the diagonal entries, entries below the diagonal, and $(1, n)$-entry.
The other entries are zero.
$B=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 & -1 \\ -1 & 1 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & -1 & 1 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ \vdots & \vdots & \vdots & \dots & \dots & \ddots & \vdots \\ 0 & 0 & 0 &\dots & -1 & 1 & 0\\ 0 & 0 & 0 &\dots & 0 & -1 & 1 \end{bmatrix}.$

The entries of $B$ is $1$ at the diagonal entries.
The entries below the diagonal and $(1,n)$-entry are $-1$.
The other entries are zero.