# Tagged: nullity of a linear transformation

## Problem 676

Let $V$ be the vector space of $2 \times 2$ matrices with real entries, and $\mathrm{P}_3$ the vector space of real polynomials of degree 3 or less. Define the linear transformation $T : V \rightarrow \mathrm{P}_3$ by
$T \left( \begin{bmatrix} a & b \\ c & d \end{bmatrix} \right) = 2a + (b-d)x – (a+c)x^2 + (a+b-c-d)x^3.$

Find the rank and nullity of $T$.

## Problem 540

Let $U$ and $V$ be vector spaces over a scalar field $\F$.
Let $T: U \to V$ be a linear transformation.

Prove that $T$ is injective (one-to-one) if and only if the nullity of $T$ is zero.

## Problem 370

Let $T: \R^2 \to \R^2$ be a linear transformation such that
$T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix} \,\right)=\begin{bmatrix} 4 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}, T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix} \,\right)=\begin{bmatrix} 3 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}.$ Then find the matrix $A$ such that $T(\mathbf{x})=A\mathbf{x}$ for every $\mathbf{x}\in \R^2$, and find the rank and nullity of $T$.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Exam Problem)

## Problem 369

Let $T:\R^3 \to \R^2$ be a linear transformation such that
$T(\mathbf{e}_1)=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}, T(\mathbf{e}_2)=\begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}, T(\mathbf{e}_3)=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix},$ where $\mathbf{e}_1, \mathbf{e}_2, \mathbf{e}_3$ are the standard basis of $\R^3$.
Then find the rank and the nullity of $T$.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Exam Problem)

## Range, Null Space, Rank, and Nullity of a Linear Transformation from $\R^2$ to $\R^3$
Define the map $T:\R^2 \to \R^3$ by $T \left ( \begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \end{bmatrix}\right )=\begin{bmatrix} x_1-x_2 \\ x_1+x_2 \\ x_2 \end{bmatrix}$.
(a) Show that $T$ is a linear transformation.
(b) Find a matrix $A$ such that $T(\mathbf{x})=A\mathbf{x}$ for each $\mathbf{x} \in \R^2$.
(c) Describe the null space (kernel) and the range of $T$ and give the rank and the nullity of $T$.