# Tagged: Ohio State.LA

## Problem 376

(a) Let
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 &1 & 1 & 1 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 \end{bmatrix}.$ Find the eigenvalues of the matrix $A$. Also give the algebraic multiplicity of each eigenvalue.

(b) Let
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 &1 & 1 & 1 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 \end{bmatrix}.$ One of the eigenvalues of the matrix $A$ is $\lambda=0$. Find the geometric multiplicity of the eigenvalue $\lambda=0$.

## Problem 371

Let $S$ be the subset of $\R^4$ consisting of vectors $\begin{bmatrix} x \\ y \\ z \\ w \end{bmatrix}$ satisfying
$2x+3y+5z+7w=0.$ Then prove that the set $S$ is a subspace of $\R^4$.

(Linear Algebra Exam Problem, The Ohio State University)

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## Problem 370

Let $T: \R^2 \to \R^2$ be a linear transformation such that
$T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix} \,\right)=\begin{bmatrix} 4 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}, T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix} \,\right)=\begin{bmatrix} 3 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}.$ Then find the matrix $A$ such that $T(\mathbf{x})=A\mathbf{x}$ for every $\mathbf{x}\in \R^2$, and find the rank and nullity of $T$.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Exam Problem)

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## Problem 369

Let $T:\R^3 \to \R^2$ be a linear transformation such that
$T(\mathbf{e}_1)=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}, T(\mathbf{e}_2)=\begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}, T(\mathbf{e}_3)=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix},$ where $\mathbf{e}_1, \mathbf{e}_2, \mathbf{e}_3$ are the standard basis of $\R^3$.
Then find the rank and the nullity of $T$.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Exam Problem)

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## Problem 368

Let $T$ be a linear transformation from $\R^3$ to $\R^2$ such that
$T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}\,\right) =\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix} \text{ and }T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}\,\right)=\begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}.$ Then find $T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix} \,\right)$.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Exam Problem)
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## Problem 367

Let $P_2$ be the vector space of all polynomials of degree $2$ or less with real coefficients.
Let
$S=\{1+x+2x^2, \quad x+2x^2, \quad -1, \quad x^2\}$ be the set of four vectors in $P_2$.

Then find a basis of the subspace $\Span(S)$ among the vectors in $S$.

(Linear Algebra Exam Problem, the Ohio State University)

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## Problem 366

Let $A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 1 \\ 0 &1 &0 \end{bmatrix}$.

(a) Find an orthonormal basis of the null space of $A$.

(b) Find the rank of $A$.

(c) Find an orthonormal basis of the row space of $A$.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Exam Problem)

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## Problem 365

Let $f(x)=\sin^2(x)$, $g(x)=\cos^2(x)$, and $h(x)=1$. These are vectors in $C[-1, 1]$.
Determine whether the set $\{f(x), \, g(x), \, h(x)\}$ is linearly dependent or linearly independent.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Midterm Exam Problem)

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## Problem 364

These are True or False problems.
For each of the following statements, determine if it contains a wrong information or not.

1. Let $A$ be a $5\times 3$ matrix. Then the range of $A$ is a subspace in $\R^3$.
2. The function $f(x)=x^2+1$ is not in the vector space $C[-1,1]$ because $f(0)=1\neq 0$.
3. Since we have $\sin(x+y)=\sin(x)+\sin(y)$, the function $\sin(x)$ is a linear transformation.
4. The set
$\left\{\, \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}, \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix} \,\right\}$ is an orthonormal set.

(Linear Algebra Exam Problem, The Ohio State University)

## Problem 363

(a) Find all the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the matrix
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 3 & -2\\ 6& -4 \end{bmatrix}.$

(b) Let
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 3 \\ 4 &5 &6 \\ 7 & 0 & 9 \end{bmatrix} \text{ and } B=\begin{bmatrix} 2 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 3 &0 \\ 0 & 0 & 4 \end{bmatrix}.$ Then find the value of
$\det(A^2B^{-1}A^{-2}B^2).$ (For part (b) without computation, you may assume that $A$ and $B$ are invertible matrices.)

## Problem 356

(a) Let $S=\{\mathbf{v}_1, \mathbf{v}_2\}$ be the set of the following vectors in $\R^4$.
$\mathbf{v}_1=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 0 \\ 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix} \text{ and } \mathbf{v}_2=\begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \\ 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}.$ Find an orthogonal basis of the subspace $\Span(S)$ of $\R^4$.

(b) Let $T:\R^2 \to \R^3$ be a linear transformation such that
$T(\mathbf{e}_1)=\mathbf{u}_1 \text{ and } T(\mathbf{e}_2)=\mathbf{u}_2,$ where $\{\mathbf{e}_1, \mathbf{e}_2\}$ is the standard unit vectors of $\R^2$ and
$\mathbf{u}_1=\begin{bmatrix} 5 \\ 1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix} \text{ and } \mathbf{u}_2=\begin{bmatrix} 8 \\ 2 \\ 6 \end{bmatrix}.$ Then find
$T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 3 \\ -2 \end{bmatrix} \,\right).$

## Problem 353

Suppose that $T: \R^2 \to \R^3$ is a linear transformation satisfying
$T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}\,\right)=\begin{bmatrix} 3 \\ 4 \\ 5 \end{bmatrix} \text{ and } T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix} \,\right)=\begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 0 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}.$ Find a general formula for
$T\left(\, \begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \end{bmatrix} \,\right).$

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Math 2568 Exam Problem)

## Problem 349

Let $V$ be the vector space of all $2\times 2$ real matrices.
Let $S=\{A_1, A_2, A_3, A_4\}$, where
$A_1=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2\\ -1& 3 \end{bmatrix}, A_2=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & -1\\ 1& 4 \end{bmatrix}, A_3=\begin{bmatrix} -1 & 0\\ 1& -10 \end{bmatrix}, A_4=\begin{bmatrix} 3 & 7\\ -2& 6 \end{bmatrix}.$ Then find a basis for the span $\Span(S)$.

## Problem 328

(a) Let $C[-1,1]$ be the vector space over $\R$ of all real-valued continuous functions defined on the interval $[-1, 1]$.
Consider the subset $F$ of $C[-1, 1]$ defined by
$F=\{ f(x)\in C[-1, 1] \mid f(0) \text{ is an integer}\}.$ Prove or disprove that $F$ is a subspace of $C[-1, 1]$.

(b) Let $n$ be a positive integer.
An $n\times n$ matrix $A$ is called skew-symmetric if $A^{\trans}=-A$.
Let $M_{n\times n}$ be the vector space over $\R$ of all $n\times n$ real matrices.
Consider the subset $W$ of $M_{n\times n}$ defined by
$W=\{A\in M_{n\times n} \mid A \text{ is skew-symmetric}\}.$ Prove or disprove that $W$ is a subspace of $M_{n\times n}$.

## Problem 320

(a) Let $A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 3 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 &3 & 1 & 2 \\ 1 & 3 & 1 & 2 \end{bmatrix}$.
Find a basis for the range $\calR(A)$ of $A$ that consists of columns of $A$.

(b) Find the rank and nullity of the matrix $A$ in part (a).

## Problem 313

(a) Let $A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 & 1 \\ 3 &6 &4 \end{bmatrix}$ and let
$\mathbf{a}=\begin{bmatrix} -3 \\ 1 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}, \qquad \mathbf{b}=\begin{bmatrix} -2 \\ 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}, \qquad \mathbf{c}=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix}.$ For each of the vectors $\mathbf{a}, \mathbf{b}, \mathbf{c}$, determine whether the vector is in the null space $\calN(A)$. Do the same for the range $\calR(A)$.

(b) Find a basis of the null space of the matrix $B=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1 & 2 \\ -2 &-2 &-4 \end{bmatrix}$.

## Problem 304

Problem 1 Let $W$ be the subset of the $3$-dimensional vector space $\R^3$ defined by
$W=\left\{ \mathbf{x}=\begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \\ x_3 \end{bmatrix}\in \R^3 \quad \middle| \quad 2x_1x_2=x_3 \right\}.$

(a) Which of the following vectors are in the subset $W$? Choose all vectors that belong to $W$.
$(1) \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 0 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix} \qquad(2) \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix} \qquad(3)\begin{bmatrix} 3 \\ 0 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix} \qquad(4) \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix} \qquad(5) \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 & 4 \\ 1 &2 &4 \end{bmatrix} \qquad(6) \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ -1 \\ -2 \end{bmatrix}.$

(b) Determine whether $W$ is a subspace of $\R^3$ or not.

Problem 2 Let $W$ be the subset of $\R^3$ defined by
$W=\left\{ \mathbf{x}=\begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \\ x_3 \end{bmatrix} \in \R^3 \quad \middle| \quad x_1=3x_2 \text{ and } x_3=0 \right\}.$ Determine whether the subset $W$ is a subspace of $\R^3$ or not.

## Problem 301

Let $A$ be a $3\times 3$ singular matrix.

Then show that there exists a nonzero $3\times 3$ matrix $B$ such that
$AB=O,$ where $O$ is the $3\times 3$ zero matrix.

## Problem 300

Let $A$ be the coefficient matrix of the system of linear equations
\begin{align*}
-x_1-2x_2&=1\\
2x_1+3x_2&=-1.
\end{align*}

(a) Solve the system by finding the inverse matrix $A^{-1}$.

(b) Let $\mathbf{x}=\begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \end{bmatrix}$ be the solution of the system obtained in part (a).
Calculate and simplify
$A^{2017}\mathbf{x}.$

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Midterm Exam Problem)

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## Problem 299

Find the inverse matrix of
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1 & 2 \\ 0 &0 &1 \\ 1 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$ if it exists. If you think there is no inverse matrix of $A$, then give a reason.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Midterm Exam Problem)

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