# Tagged: subring

## Problem 524

Let $R$ be the ring of all $2\times 2$ matrices with integer coefficients:
$R=\left\{\, \begin{bmatrix} a & b\\ c& d \end{bmatrix} \quad \middle| \quad a, b, c, d\in \Z \,\right\}.$

Let $S$ be the subset of $R$ given by
$S=\left\{\, \begin{bmatrix} s & 0\\ 0& s \end{bmatrix} \quad \middle | \quad s\in \Z \,\right\}.$

(a) True or False: $S$ is a subring of $R$.

(b) True or False: $S$ is an ideal of $R$.

## Problem 239

Let $R$ be an integral domain. Then prove that the ideal $(x^3-y^2)$ is a prime ideal in the ring $R[x, y]$.