Tagged: surjective

Ring Homomorphisms and Radical Ideals

Problem 624

Let $R$ and $R’$ be commutative rings and let $f:R\to R’$ be a ring homomorphism.
Let $I$ and $I’$ be ideals of $R$ and $R’$, respectively.

(a) Prove that $f(\sqrt{I}\,) \subset \sqrt{f(I)}$.

(b) Prove that $\sqrt{f^{-1}(I’)}=f^{-1}(\sqrt{I’})$

(c) Suppose that $f$ is surjective and $\ker(f)\subset I$. Then prove that $f(\sqrt{I}\,) =\sqrt{f(I)}$

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Group of $p$-Power Roots of 1 is Isomorphic to a Proper Quotient of Itself

Problem 221

Let $p$ be a prime number. Let
\[G=\{z\in \C \mid z^{p^n}=1\} \] be the group of $p$-power roots of $1$ in $\C$.

Show that the map $\Psi:G\to G$ mapping $z$ to $z^p$ is a surjective homomorphism.
Also deduce from this that $G$ is isomorphic to a proper quotient of $G$ itself.

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