# Math-Magic Tree Trick

by Yu ·

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### More from my site

- The Trick of a Mathematical Game. The One’s Digit of the Sum of Two Numbers. Decipher the trick of the following mathematical magic. The Rule of the Game Here is the game. Pick six natural numbers ($1, 2, 3, \dots$) and place them in the yellow discs of the picture below. For example, let's say I have chosen the numbers $7, 5, 3, 2, […]
- Show the Subset of the Vector Space of Polynomials is a Subspace and Find its Basis Let $P_3$ be the vector space over $\R$ of all degree three or less polynomial with real number coefficient. Let $W$ be the following subset of $P_3$. \[W=\{p(x) \in P_3 \mid p'(-1)=0 \text{ and } p^{\prime\prime}(1)=0\}.\] Here $p'(x)$ is the first derivative of $p(x)$ and […]
- If a Finite Group Acts on a Set Freely and Transitively, then the Numbers of Elements are the Same Let $G$ be a finite group and let $S$ be a non-empty set. Suppose that $G$ acts on $S$ freely and transitively. Prove that $|G|=|S|$. That is, the number of elements in $G$ and $S$ are the same. Definition (Free and Transitive Group Action) A group action of […]
- Mathematics About the Number 2017 Happy New Year 2017!! Here is the list of mathematical facts about the number 2017 that you can brag about to your friends or family as a math geek. 2017 is a prime number Of course, I start with the fact that the number 2017 is a prime number. The previous prime year was […]
- Prime Ideal is Irreducible in a Commutative Ring Let $R$ be a commutative ring. An ideal $I$ of $R$ is said to be irreducible if it cannot be written as an intersection of two ideals of $R$ which are strictly larger than $I$. Prove that if $\frakp$ is a prime ideal of the commutative ring $R$, then $\frakp$ is […]
- Give a Formula for a Linear Transformation if the Values on Basis Vectors are Known Let $T: \R^2 \to \R^2$ be a linear transformation. Let \[ \mathbf{u}=\begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}, \mathbf{v}=\begin{bmatrix} 3 \\ 5 \end{bmatrix}\] be 2-dimensional vectors. Suppose that \begin{align*} T(\mathbf{u})&=T\left( \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ […]
- Sylow’s Theorem (Summary) In this post we review Sylow's theorem and as an example we solve the following problem. Show that a group of order $200$ has a normal Sylow $5$-subgroup. Review of Sylow's Theorem One of the important theorems in group theory is Sylow's theorem. Sylow's theorem is a […]
- Prove that the Dot Product is Commutative: $\mathbf{v}\cdot \mathbf{w}= \mathbf{w} \cdot \mathbf{v}$ Let $\mathbf{v}$ and $\mathbf{w}$ be two $n \times 1$ column vectors. (a) Prove that $\mathbf{v}^\trans \mathbf{w} = \mathbf{w}^\trans \mathbf{v}$. (b) Provide an example to show that $\mathbf{v} \mathbf{w}^\trans$ is not always equal to $\mathbf{w} […]