# Math-Magic Tree top row

• The Trick of a Mathematical Game. The One’s Digit of the Sum of Two Numbers. Decipher the trick of the following mathematical magic.   The Rule of the Game Here is the game. Pick six natural numbers ($1, 2, 3, \dots$) and place them in the yellow discs of the picture below. For example, let's say I have chosen the numbers $7, 5, 3, 2, […] • Top 10 Popular Math Problems in 2016-2017 It's been a year since I started this math blog!! More than 500 problems were posted during a year (July 19th 2016-July 19th 2017). I made a list of the 10 math problems on this blog that have the most views. Can you solve all of them? The level of difficulty among the top […] • Find All the Values of$x$so that a Given$3\times 3$Matrix is Singular Find all the values of$x$so that the following matrix$A$is a singular matrix. $A=\begin{bmatrix} x & x^2 & 1 \\ 2 &3 &1 \\ 0 & -1 & 1 \end{bmatrix}.$ Hint. Use the fact that a matrix is singular if and only if its determinant is […] • Independent and Dependent Events of Three Coins Tossing Suppose that three fair coins are tossed. Let$H_1$be the event that the first coin lands heads and let$H_2$be the event that the second coin lands heads. Also, let$E$be the event that exactly two coins lands heads in a row. For each pair of these events, determine whether […] • Find All Eigenvalues and Corresponding Eigenvectors for the$3\times 3$matrix Find all eigenvalues and corresponding eigenvectors for the matrix$A$if $A= \begin{bmatrix} 2 & -3 & 0 \\ 2 & -5 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 3 \end{bmatrix} .$ Solution. If$\lambda$is an eigenvalue of$A$, then$\lambda$[…] • Compute the Determinant of a Magic Square Let $A= \begin{bmatrix} 8 & 1 & 6 \\ 3 & 5 & 7 \\ 4 & 9 & 2 \end{bmatrix} .$ Notice that$A$contains every integer from$1$to$9$and that the sums of each row, column, and diagonal of$A$are equal. Such a grid is sometimes called a magic […] • Determine Bases for Nullspaces$\calN(A)$and$\calN(A^{T}A)$Determine bases for$\calN(A)$and$\calN(A^{T}A)$when $A= \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 & 1 \\ 1 & 1 & 3 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 \end{bmatrix} .$ Then, determine the ranks and nullities of the matrices$A$and$A^{\trans}A$. Solution. We will first […] • Find a Basis for the Subspace spanned by Five Vectors Let$S=\{\mathbf{v}_{1},\mathbf{v}_{2},\mathbf{v}_{3},\mathbf{v}_{4},\mathbf{v}_{5}\}\$ where \[ \mathbf{v}_{1}= \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \\ 2 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix} ,\;\mathbf{v}_{2}= \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 3 \\ 1 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix} ,\;\mathbf{v}_{3}= \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 5 \\ -1 […]