# Tagged: linear combination

## Problem 36

If $L:\R^2 \to \R^3$ is a linear transformation such that
\begin{align*}
L\left( \begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
0
\end{bmatrix}\right)
=\begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
1 \\
2
\end{bmatrix}, \,\,\,\,
L\left( \begin{bmatrix}
1 \\
1
\end{bmatrix}\right)
=\begin{bmatrix}
2 \\
3 \\
2
\end{bmatrix}.
\end{align*}
then

(a) find $L\left( \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \end{bmatrix}\right)$, and

(b) find the formula for $L\left( \begin{bmatrix} x \\ y \end{bmatrix}\right)$.

If you think you can solve (b), then skip (a) and solve (b) first and use the result of (b) to answer (a).

(Part (a) is an exam problem of Purdue University)

## Problem 25

An $n \times n$ matrix $A$ is called nonsingular if the only solution of the equation $A \mathbf{x}=\mathbf{0}$ is the zero vector $\mathbf{x}=\mathbf{0}$.
Otherwise $A$ is called singular.

(a) Show that if $A$ and $B$ are $n\times n$ nonsingular matrices, then the product $AB$ is also nonsingular.

(b) Show that if $A$ is nonsingular, then the column vectors of $A$ are linearly independent.

(c) Show that an $n \times n$ matrix $A$ is nonsingular if and only if the equation $A\mathbf{x}=\mathbf{b}$ has a unique solution for any vector $\mathbf{b}\in \R^n$.

Restriction
Do not use the fact that a matrix is nonsingular if and only if the matrix is invertible.