# Tagged: adjoint matrix

## Problem 547

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ nonsingular matrix with integer entries.

Prove that the inverse matrix $A^{-1}$ contains only integer entries if and only if $\det(A)=\pm 1$.

## Problem 546

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ matrix.

The $(i, j)$ cofactor $C_{ij}$ of $A$ is defined to be
$C_{ij}=(-1)^{ij}\det(M_{ij}),$ where $M_{ij}$ is the $(i,j)$ minor matrix obtained from $A$ removing the $i$-th row and $j$-th column.

Then consider the $n\times n$ matrix $C=(C_{ij})$, and define the $n\times n$ matrix $\Adj(A)=C^{\trans}$.
The matrix $\Adj(A)$ is called the adjoint matrix of $A$.

When $A$ is invertible, then its inverse can be obtained by the formula

$A^{-1}=\frac{1}{\det(A)}\Adj(A).$

For each of the following matrices, determine whether it is invertible, and if so, then find the invertible matrix using the above formula.

(a) $A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 5 & 2 \\ 0 &-1 &2 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$.

(b) $B=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 &1 &4 \\ 3 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$.