# Tagged: diagonalization

## Problem 133

Find a square root of the matrix
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 3 & -3 \\ 0 &4 &5 \\ 0 & 0 & 9 \end{bmatrix}.$

How many square roots does this matrix have?

(University of California, Berkeley Qualifying Exam)

## Problem 63

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ real symmetric matrix whose eigenvalues are all non-negative real numbers.

Show that there is an $n \times n$ real matrix $B$ such that $B^2=A$.

## Problem 59

Answer the following two questions with justification.

(a) Does there exist a $2 \times 2$ matrix $A$ with $A^3=O$ but $A^2 \neq O$? Here $O$ denotes the $2 \times 2$ zero matrix.

(b) Does there exist a $3 \times 3$ real matrix $B$ such that $B^2=A$ where
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & -1 & 0 \\ -1 &2 &-1 \\ 0 & -1 & 1 \end{bmatrix}\,\,\,\,?$

(Princeton University Linear Algebra Exam)

## Problem 50

Let
$A=\begin{bmatrix} \frac{1}{7} & \frac{3}{7} & \frac{3}{7} \\ \frac{3}{7} &\frac{1}{7} &\frac{3}{7} \\ \frac{3}{7} & \frac{3}{7} & \frac{1}{7} \end{bmatrix}$ be $3 \times 3$ matrix. Find

$\lim_{n \to \infty} A^n.$

(Nagoya University Linear Algebra Exam)

## Problem 37

Suppose that $A$ is a diagonalizable $n\times n$ matrix and has only $1$ and $-1$ as eigenvalues.
Show that $A^2=I_n$, where $I_n$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix.

(Stanford University Linear Algebra Exam)

See below for a generalized problem.

## Problem 33

Suppose that $S$ is a fixed invertible $3$ by $3$ matrix. This question is about all the matrices $A$ that are diagonalized by $S$, so that $S^{-1}AS$ is diagonal. Show that these matrices $A$ form a subspace of $3$ by $3$ matrix space.

(MIT-Massachusetts Institute of Technology Exam)

## Problem 8

Let $A= \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2\\ 2& 1 \end{bmatrix}$.
Compute $A^n$ for any $n \in \N$.