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  • The Quotient Ring $\Z[i]/I$ is Finite for a Nonzero Ideal of the Ring of Gaussian IntegersThe Quotient Ring $\Z[i]/I$ is Finite for a Nonzero Ideal of the Ring of Gaussian Integers Let $I$ be a nonzero ideal of the ring of Gaussian integers $\Z[i]$. Prove that the quotient ring $\Z[i]/I$ is finite. Proof. Recall that the ring of Gaussian integers is a Euclidean Domain with respect to the norm \[N(a+bi)=a^2+b^2\] for $a+bi\in \Z[i]$. In particular, […]
  • A Group Homomorphism that Factors though Another GroupA Group Homomorphism that Factors though Another Group Let $G, H, K$ be groups. Let $f:G\to K$ be a group homomorphism and let $\pi:G\to H$ be a surjective group homomorphism such that the kernel of $\pi$ is included in the kernel of $f$: $\ker(\pi) \subset \ker(f)$. Define a map $\bar{f}:H\to K$ as follows. For each […]
  • True or False Quiz About a System of Linear EquationsTrue or False Quiz About a System of Linear Equations (Purdue University Linear Algebra Exam)   Which of the following statements are true? (a) A linear system of four equations in three unknowns is always inconsistent. (b) A linear system with fewer equations than unknowns must have infinitely many solutions. (c) […]
  • Companion Matrix for a PolynomialCompanion Matrix for a Polynomial Consider a polynomial \[p(x)=x^n+a_{n-1}x^{n-1}+\cdots+a_1x+a_0,\] where $a_i$ are real numbers. Define the matrix \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & 0 & \dots & 0 &-a_0 \\ 1 & 0 & \dots & 0 & -a_1 \\ 0 & 1 & \dots & 0 & -a_2 \\ \vdots & […]
  • Are these vectors in the Nullspace of the Matrix?Are these vectors in the Nullspace of the Matrix? Let $A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 3 & -2 \\ 0 &3 & 1 & 1 \\ 1 & 3 & 4 & -1 \end{bmatrix}$. For each of the following vectors, determine whether the vector is in the nullspace $\calN(A)$. (a) $\begin{bmatrix} -3 \\ 0 \\ 1 \\ 0 \end{bmatrix}$ […]
  • Hyperplane in $n$-Dimensional Space Through Origin is a SubspaceHyperplane in $n$-Dimensional Space Through Origin is a Subspace A hyperplane in $n$-dimensional vector space $\R^n$ is defined to be the set of vectors \[\begin{bmatrix} x_1 \\ x_2 \\ \vdots \\ x_n \end{bmatrix}\in \R^n\] satisfying the linear equation of the form \[a_1x_1+a_2x_2+\cdots+a_nx_n=b,\] […]
  • If matrix product $AB$ is a square, then is $BA$ a square matrix?If matrix product $AB$ is a square, then is $BA$ a square matrix? Let $A$ and $B$ are matrices such that the matrix product $AB$ is defined and $AB$ is a square matrix. Is it true that the matrix product $BA$ is also defined and $BA$ is a square matrix? If it is true, then prove it. If not, find a […]
  • Given the Data of Eigenvalues, Determine if the Matrix is InvertibleGiven the Data of Eigenvalues, Determine if the Matrix is Invertible In each of the following cases, can we conclude that $A$ is invertible? If so, find an expression for $A^{-1}$ as a linear combination of positive powers of $A$. If $A$ is not invertible, explain why not. (a) The matrix $A$ is a $3 \times 3$ matrix with eigenvalues $\lambda=i , […]

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