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Nagoya University Linear Algebra Exam Problems and Solutions


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  • Quiz 9. Find a Basis of the Subspace Spanned by Four MatricesQuiz 9. Find a Basis of the Subspace Spanned by Four Matrices Let $V$ be the vector space of all $2\times 2$ real matrices. Let $S=\{A_1, A_2, A_3, A_4\}$, where \[A_1=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2\\ -1& 3 \end{bmatrix}, A_2=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & -1\\ 1& 4 \end{bmatrix}, A_3=\begin{bmatrix} -1 & 0\\ 1& -10 \end{bmatrix}, […]
  • A Linear Transformation $T: U\to V$ cannot be Injective if $\dim(U) > \dim(V)$A Linear Transformation $T: U\to V$ cannot be Injective if $\dim(U) > \dim(V)$ Let $U$ and $V$ be finite dimensional vector spaces over a scalar field $\F$. Consider a linear transformation $T:U\to V$. Prove that if $\dim(U) > \dim(V)$, then $T$ cannot be injective (one-to-one).   Hints. You may use the folowing facts. A linear […]
  • Mathematics About the Number 2017Mathematics About the Number 2017 Happy New Year 2017!! Here is the list of mathematical facts about the number 2017 that you can brag about to your friends or family as a math geek. 2017 is a prime number Of course, I start with the fact that the number 2017 is a prime number. The previous prime year was […]
  • Construction of a Symmetric Matrix whose Inverse Matrix is ItselfConstruction of a Symmetric Matrix whose Inverse Matrix is Itself Let $\mathbf{v}$ be a nonzero vector in $\R^n$. Then the dot product $\mathbf{v}\cdot \mathbf{v}=\mathbf{v}^{\trans}\mathbf{v}\neq 0$. Set $a:=\frac{2}{\mathbf{v}^{\trans}\mathbf{v}}$ and define the $n\times n$ matrix $A$ by \[A=I-a\mathbf{v}\mathbf{v}^{\trans},\] where […]
  • Column Vectors of an Upper Triangular Matrix with Nonzero Diagonal Entries are Linearly IndependentColumn Vectors of an Upper Triangular Matrix with Nonzero Diagonal Entries are Linearly Independent Suppose $M$ is an $n \times n$ upper-triangular matrix. If the diagonal entries of $M$ are all non-zero, then prove that the column vectors are linearly independent. Does the conclusion hold if we do not assume that $M$ has non-zero diagonal entries?   Proof. […]
  • Find a Basis for a Subspace of the Vector Space of $2\times 2$ MatricesFind a Basis for a Subspace of the Vector Space of $2\times 2$ Matrices Let $V$ be the vector space of all $2\times 2$ matrices, and let the subset $S$ of $V$ be defined by $S=\{A_1, A_2, A_3, A_4\}$, where \begin{align*} A_1=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 \\ -1 & 3 \end{bmatrix}, \quad A_2=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & -1 \\ 1 & 4 […]
  • Find the Inverse Matrix of a Matrix With FractionsFind the Inverse Matrix of a Matrix With Fractions Find the inverse matrix of the matrix \[A=\begin{bmatrix} \frac{2}{7} & \frac{3}{7} & \frac{6}{7} \\[6 pt] \frac{6}{7} &\frac{2}{7} &-\frac{3}{7} \\[6pt] -\frac{3}{7} & \frac{6}{7} & -\frac{2}{7} \end{bmatrix}.\]   Hint. You may use the augmented matrix […]
  • Find a basis for $\Span(S)$, where $S$ is a Set of Four VectorsFind a basis for $\Span(S)$, where $S$ is a Set of Four Vectors Find a basis for $\Span(S)$ where $S= \left\{ \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 2 \\ 1 \end{bmatrix} , \begin{bmatrix} -1 \\ -2 \\ -1 \end{bmatrix} , \begin{bmatrix} 2 \\ 6 \\ -2 \end{bmatrix} , \begin{bmatrix} 1 \\ 1 \\ 3 \end{bmatrix} \right\}$.   Solution. We […]

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