# Tagged: complex eigenvalue

## Problem 630

Consider the matrix $A=\begin{bmatrix} a & -b\\ b& a \end{bmatrix}$, where $a$ and $b$ are real numbers and $b\neq 0$.

(a) Find all eigenvalues of $A$.

(b) For each eigenvalue of $A$, determine the eigenspace $E_{\lambda}$.

(c) Diagonalize the matrix $A$ by finding a nonsingular matrix $S$ and a diagonal matrix $D$ such that $S^{-1}AS=D$.

## Problem 596

Let
$A=\begin{bmatrix} a & b\\ -b& a \end{bmatrix}$ be a $2\times 2$ matrix, where $a, b$ are real numbers.
Suppose that $b\neq 0$.

Prove that the matrix $A$ does not have real eigenvalues.

## Problem 584

Prove that the matrix
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & 1\\ -1& 0 \end{bmatrix}$ is diagonalizable.
Prove, however, that $A$ cannot be diagonalized by a real nonsingular matrix.
That is, there is no real nonsingular matrix $S$ such that $S^{-1}AS$ is a diagonal matrix.

## Problem 475

Find all the eigenvalues of the matrix
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 &0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \end{bmatrix}.$

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Final Exam Problem)

## Problem 471

Let $A$ be a $3\times 3$ real orthogonal matrix with $\det(A)=1$.

(a) If $\frac{-1+\sqrt{3}i}{2}$ is one of the eigenvalues of $A$, then find the all the eigenvalues of $A$.

(b) Let
$A^{100}=aA^2+bA+cI,$ where $I$ is the $3\times 3$ identity matrix.
Using the Cayley-Hamilton theorem, determine $a, b, c$.

(Kyushu University, Linear Algebra Exam Problem)

$A=\begin{bmatrix} 0 & 1 & 0 \\ -1 &0 &0 \\ 0 & 0 & 2 \end{bmatrix}$ is diagonalizable.
If it is diagonalizable, then find the invertible matrix $S$ and a diagonal matrix $D$ such that $S^{-1}AS=D$.