Tagged: complex eigenvalue

Find Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors, and Diagonalize the 2 by 2 Matrix

Problem 630

Consider the matrix $A=\begin{bmatrix}
a & -b\\
b& a
\end{bmatrix}$, where $a$ and $b$ are real numbers and $b\neq 0$.

(a) Find all eigenvalues of $A$.

(b) For each eigenvalue of $A$, determine the eigenspace $E_{\lambda}$.

(c) Diagonalize the matrix $A$ by finding a nonsingular matrix $S$ and a diagonal matrix $D$ such that $S^{-1}AS=D$.

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Use the Cayley-Hamilton Theorem to Compute the Power $A^{100}$

Problem 471

Let $A$ be a $3\times 3$ real orthogonal matrix with $\det(A)=1$.

(a) If $\frac{-1+\sqrt{3}i}{2}$ is one of the eigenvalues of $A$, then find the all the eigenvalues of $A$.

(b) Let
\[A^{100}=aA^2+bA+cI,\] where $I$ is the $3\times 3$ identity matrix.
Using the Cayley-Hamilton theorem, determine $a, b, c$.

(Kyushu University, Linear Algebra Exam Problem)
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