# Tagged: irreducible element

## Problem 724

Let $R$ be a principal ideal domain. Let $a\in R$ be a nonzero, non-unit element. Show that the following are equivalent.

(1) The ideal $(a)$ generated by $a$ is maximal.
(2) The ideal $(a)$ is prime.
(3) The element $a$ is irreducible.

## Problem 519

Prove that the quadratic integer ring $\Z[\sqrt{5}]$ is not a Unique Factorization Domain (UFD).

## Problem 518

Prove that the quadratic integer ring $\Z[\sqrt{-5}]$ is not a Unique Factorization Domain (UFD).

## Problem 177

Let $R$ be a principal ideal domain (PID). Let $a\in R$ be a non-unit irreducible element.

Then show that the ideal $(a)$ generated by the element $a$ is a maximal ideal.