# Tagged: trigonometry identity

## Problem 567

Prove the following identity for any positive integer $n$.
$\begin{bmatrix} \cos \theta & -\sin \theta\\ \sin \theta& \cos \theta \end{bmatrix}^n=\begin{bmatrix} \cos n\theta & -\sin n\theta\\ \sin n\theta& \cos n\theta \end{bmatrix}.$

## Problem 365

Let $f(x)=\sin^2(x)$, $g(x)=\cos^2(x)$, and $h(x)=1$. These are vectors in $C[-1, 1]$.
Determine whether the set $\{f(x), \, g(x), \, h(x)\}$ is linearly dependent or linearly independent.

(The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Midterm Exam Problem)