Prime-Ideal

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Prime Ideal Problems and Solution in Ring Theory in Mathematics


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  • Determine Whether the Following Matrix Invertible. If So Find  Its Inverse Matrix.Determine Whether the Following Matrix Invertible. If So Find Its Inverse Matrix. Let A be the matrix \[\begin{bmatrix} 1 & -1 & 0 \\ 0 &1 &-1 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}.\] Is the matrix $A$ invertible? If not, then explain why it isn’t invertible. If so, then find the inverse. (The Ohio State University Linear Algebra […]
  • If 2 by 2 Matrices Satisfy $A=AB-BA$, then $A^2$ is Zero MatrixIf 2 by 2 Matrices Satisfy $A=AB-BA$, then $A^2$ is Zero Matrix Let $A, B$ be complex $2\times 2$ matrices satisfying the relation \[A=AB-BA.\] Prove that $A^2=O$, where $O$ is the $2\times 2$ zero matrix.   Hint. Find the trace of $A$. Use the Cayley-Hamilton theorem Proof. We first calculate the […]
  • If $A$ is an Idempotent Matrix, then When $I-kA$ is an Idempotent Matrix?If $A$ is an Idempotent Matrix, then When $I-kA$ is an Idempotent Matrix? A square matrix $A$ is called idempotent if $A^2=A$. (a) Suppose $A$ is an $n \times n$ idempotent matrix and let $I$ be the $n\times n$ identity matrix. Prove that the matrix $I-A$ is an idempotent matrix. (b) Assume that $A$ is an $n\times n$ nonzero idempotent matrix. Then […]
  • The Product of a Subgroup and a Normal Subgroup is a SubgroupThe Product of a Subgroup and a Normal Subgroup is a Subgroup Let $G$ be a group. Let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$ and let $N$ be a normal subgroup of $G$. The product of $H$ and $N$ is defined to be the subset \[H\cdot N=\{hn\in G\mid h \in H, n\in N\}.\] Prove that the product $H\cdot N$ is a subgroup of […]
  • The Ring $\Z[\sqrt{2}]$ is a Euclidean DomainThe Ring $\Z[\sqrt{2}]$ is a Euclidean Domain Prove that the ring of integers \[\Z[\sqrt{2}]=\{a+b\sqrt{2} \mid a, b \in \Z\}\] of the field $\Q(\sqrt{2})$ is a Euclidean Domain.   Proof. First of all, it is clear that $\Z[\sqrt{2}]$ is an integral domain since it is contained in $\R$. We use the […]
  • Perturbation of a Singular Matrix is NonsingularPerturbation of a Singular Matrix is Nonsingular Suppose that $A$ is an $n\times n$ singular matrix. Prove that for sufficiently small $\epsilon>0$, the matrix $A-\epsilon I$ is nonsingular, where $I$ is the $n \times n$ identity matrix. Hint. Consider the characteristic polynomial $p(t)$ of the matrix $A$. Note […]
  • Determine a 2-Digit Number Satisfying Two ConditionsDetermine a 2-Digit Number Satisfying Two Conditions A 2-digit number has two properties: The digits sum to 11, and if the number is written with digits reversed, and subtracted from the original number, the result is 45. Find the number.   Solution. The key to this problem is noticing that our 2-digit number can be […]
  • Diagonalize a 2 by 2 Matrix if DiagonalizableDiagonalize a 2 by 2 Matrix if Diagonalizable Determine whether the matrix \[A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 4\\ 2 & 3 \end{bmatrix}\] is diagonalizable. If so, find a nonsingular matrix $S$ and a diagonal matrix $D$ such that $S^{-1}AS=D$. (The Ohio State University, Linear Algebra Final Exam […]

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