# Linear-algebra-quiz-eye-catch

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- Find a Basis of the Subspace Spanned by Four Polynomials of Degree 3 or Less Let $\calP_3$ be the vector space of all polynomials of degree $3$ or less. Let \[S=\{p_1(x), p_2(x), p_3(x), p_4(x)\},\] where \begin{align*} p_1(x)&=1+3x+2x^2-x^3 & p_2(x)&=x+x^3\\ p_3(x)&=x+x^2-x^3 & p_4(x)&=3+8x+8x^3. \end{align*} (a) […]
- Find a Basis for Nullspace, Row Space, and Range of a Matrix Let $A=\begin{bmatrix} 2 & 4 & 6 & 8 \\ 1 &3 & 0 & 5 \\ 1 & 1 & 6 & 3 \end{bmatrix}$. (a) Find a basis for the nullspace of $A$. (b) Find a basis for the row space of $A$. (c) Find a basis for the range of $A$ that consists of column vectors of $A$. (d) […]
- Eigenvalues of Orthogonal Matrices Have Length 1. Every $3\times 3$ Orthogonal Matrix Has 1 as an Eigenvalue (a) Let $A$ be a real orthogonal $n\times n$ matrix. Prove that the length (magnitude) of each eigenvalue of $A$ is $1$. (b) Let $A$ be a real orthogonal $3\times 3$ matrix and suppose that the determinant of $A$ is $1$. Then prove that $A$ has $1$ as an […]
- If the Matrix Product $AB=0$, then is $BA=0$ as Well? Let $A$ and $B$ be $n\times n$ matrices. Suppose that the matrix product $AB=O$, where $O$ is the $n\times n$ zero matrix. Is it true that the matrix product with opposite order $BA$ is also the zero matrix? If so, give a proof. If not, give a […]
- In a Field of Positive Characteristic, $A^p=I$ Does Not Imply that $A$ is Diagonalizable. Show that the matrix $A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & \alpha\\ 0& 1 \end{bmatrix}$, where $\alpha$ is an element of a field $F$ of characteristic $p>0$ satisfies $A^p=I$ and the matrix is not diagonalizable over $F$ if $\alpha \neq 0$. Comment. Remark that if $A$ is a square […]
- If Every Nonidentity Element of a Group has Order 2, then it’s an Abelian Group Let $G$ be a group. Suppose that the order of nonidentity element of $G$ is $2$. Then show that $G$ is an abelian group. Proof. Let $x$ and $y$ be elements of $G$. Then we have \[1=(xy)^2=(xy)(xy).\] Multiplying the equality by $yx$ from the right, we […]
- Prove that $\F_3[x]/(x^2+1)$ is a Field and Find the Inverse Elements Let $\F_3=\Zmod{3}$ be the finite field of order $3$. Consider the ring $\F_3[x]$ of polynomial over $\F_3$ and its ideal $I=(x^2+1)$ generated by $x^2+1\in \F_3[x]$. (a) Prove that the quotient ring $\F_3[x]/(x^2+1)$ is a field. How many elements does the field have? (b) […]
- How to Calculate and Simplify a Matrix Polynomial Let $T=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 &1 &1 \\ 0 & 0 & 2 \end{bmatrix}$. Calculate and simplify the expression \[-T^3+4T^2+5T-2I,\] where $I$ is the $3\times 3$ identity matrix. (The Ohio State University Linear Algebra Exam) Hint. Use the […]