# Tagged: triangular matrix

## Problem 275

Let $A$ be the following $3\times 3$ upper triangular matrix.
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & x & y \\ 0 &1 &z \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix},$ where $x, y, z$ are some real numbers.

Determine whether the matrix $A$ is invertible or not. If it is invertible, then find the inverse matrix $A^{-1}$.

## Problem 184

Suppose that $A$ and $P$ are $3 \times 3$ matrices and $P$ is invertible matrix.
If
$P^{-1}AP=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 & 3 \\ 0 &4 &5 \\ 0 & 0 & 6 \end{bmatrix},$ then find all the eigenvalues of the matrix $A^2$.

## Problem 133

Find a square root of the matrix
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 3 & -3 \\ 0 &4 &5 \\ 0 & 0 & 9 \end{bmatrix}.$

How many square roots does this matrix have?

(University of California, Berkeley Qualifying Exam)

## Problem 45

Calculate the determinants of the following $n\times n$ matrices.
$A=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 &1 \\ 1 & 1 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ \vdots & \vdots & \vdots & \dots & \dots & \ddots & \vdots \\ 0 & 0 & 0 &\dots & 1 & 1 & 0\\ 0 & 0 & 0 &\dots & 0 & 1 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$

The entries of $A$ is $1$ at the diagonal entries, entries below the diagonal, and $(1, n)$-entry.
The other entries are zero.
$B=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 & -1 \\ -1 & 1 & 0 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & -1 & 1 & \dots & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ \vdots & \vdots & \vdots & \dots & \dots & \ddots & \vdots \\ 0 & 0 & 0 &\dots & -1 & 1 & 0\\ 0 & 0 & 0 &\dots & 0 & -1 & 1 \end{bmatrix}.$

The entries of $B$ is $1$ at the diagonal entries.
The entries below the diagonal and $(1,n)$-entry are $-1$.
The other entries are zero.